Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate

Virve Christiansen, Rhea Kakko, Raija Koivisto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.

The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233 - 239
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Warehouses
ammonium nitrate
Environmental impact
Nitrates
environmental impact
Fires
chemical reactions
combustion
Soil
Air
warehouses
Nitrate
Warehouse
case studies
Soils
air
Water
soil
water

Cite this

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title = "Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate",
abstract = "Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.",
author = "Virve Christiansen and Rhea Kakko and Raija Koivisto",
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language = "English",
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journal = "Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries",
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}

Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate. / Christiansen, Virve; Kakko, Rhea; Koivisto, Raija.

In: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1993, p. 233 - 239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate

AU - Christiansen, Virve

AU - Kakko, Rhea

AU - Koivisto, Raija

N1 - Project code: tur10211

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.

AB - Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.

U2 - 10.1016/0950-4230(93)80005-7

DO - 10.1016/0950-4230(93)80005-7

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JO - Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

JF - Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

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