Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate

Virve Christiansen, Rhea Kakko, Raija Koivisto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.

    The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)233 - 239
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1993
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Warehouses
    ammonium nitrate
    Environmental impact
    Nitrates
    environmental impact
    Fires
    chemical reactions
    combustion
    Soil
    Air
    warehouses
    Nitrate
    Warehouse
    case studies
    Soils
    air
    Water
    soil
    water

    Cite this

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    title = "Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate",
    abstract = "Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.",
    author = "Virve Christiansen and Rhea Kakko and Raija Koivisto",
    note = "Project code: tur10211",
    year = "1993",
    doi = "10.1016/0950-4230(93)80005-7",
    language = "English",
    volume = "6",
    pages = "233 -- 239",
    journal = "Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries",
    issn = "0950-4230",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
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    }

    Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate. / Christiansen, Virve; Kakko, Rhea; Koivisto, Raija.

    In: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1993, p. 233 - 239.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Environmental impact of a warehouse fire containing ammonium nitrate

    AU - Christiansen, Virve

    AU - Kakko, Rhea

    AU - Koivisto, Raija

    N1 - Project code: tur10211

    PY - 1993

    Y1 - 1993

    N2 - Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.

    AB - Burning of materials is one of the most investigated reactions. However, there are some areas, such as warehouse fires, which are still not well understood because of the complexity of the problem. The problem in warehouse fires is the combinations and reactions of different chemicals and substances the nature of which is not always known either by the experts or by the people extinguishing the fires. Hence, warehouse fires can have very serious effects on the environment in air, water and soil, as experienced in the Sandoz fire, for example.The objectives of this study were to gain experimental data on combustion products at the laboratory scale and to demonstrate the use of these results by introducing a case study where 50 000 kg of ammonium nitrate is stored in a warehouse.

    U2 - 10.1016/0950-4230(93)80005-7

    DO - 10.1016/0950-4230(93)80005-7

    M3 - Article

    VL - 6

    SP - 233

    EP - 239

    JO - Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

    JF - Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

    SN - 0950-4230

    IS - 4

    ER -