Environmental impacts and benefits of smart home automation: Life cycle assessment of Home Energy Management System

Jean Nicolas Louis (Corresponding Author), Antonio Caló (Corresponding Author), Kauko Leiviskä (Corresponding Author), Eva Pongrácz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a proceedings journalScientificpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


This paper discusses the life-cycle environmental impact of Home Energy Management System (HEMS), in terms of their potential benefits and detrimental impacts. It is the expectation that adapting smart home automation (SHA) would lead to reduced electricity usage in the household and overall environmental advantages. The purpose of this research was to quantify the negative environmental impacts of SHA and balance them with their benefits. The evaluation of SHA has been done by conducting a generic Life cycle assessment study using SimaPro programme and the EcoInvent database. The LCA study concluded that the largest environmental impact of HEMS is the use-phase electricity consumption of home automation devices. The paper concludes that the energy payback time of home automation in term of the electricity consumption of the devices is negative by 1.6 years. The largest part of this is due to the energy consumption of smart plugs. Therefore, the paper concludes that in terms of home automation, we need to find the balance between what we actually need to control and the resulting energy consumption of the control system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)880-885
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event8th Vienna International Conference on Mathematical Modelling, MATHMOD 2015 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 18 Feb 201520 Feb 2015


  • Energy management system
  • Environmental engineering
  • Environmental impact of automation.
  • Life cycles
  • Smart power applications


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