Environmental Reduction Effect of High Temperature Water and Hydrogen on Fracture Resistance of Low Alloy Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

Zaiqing Que (Corresponding author), Hans-Peter Seifert, Philippe Spätig, A. Zhang, Stefan Ritter, Rao G. Sudhakar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The structural integrity of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) of light water reactors (LWR) is of utmost importance regarding operation safety and lifetime. The fracture behaviour of low-alloy RPV steels with different dynamic strain aging (DSA) & environmentally-assisted cracking (EAC) susceptibilities in simulated LWR environments was evaluated by elastic plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM) tests and various post-test characterizations. Exposure to high temperature water (HTW) environments at LWR operating temperatures only moderately reduces the fracture initiation and tearing resistance of low alloy RPV steels with high DSA or EAC susceptibility, accompanied with a clear change in fracture morphology, which indicates the potential synergies of hydrogen/HTW embrittlement with DSA and EAC under suitable conditions. The most pronounced degradation effects occurred in a) low sulphur RPV steels with high DSA susceptibility, where the fracture initiation and tearing resistance reduction increased with decreasing loading rate and increasing temperature and was most pronounced in hydrogenated HTW, and in b) high sulphur steels with high EAC susceptibility in aggressive occluded crevice environment (oxygenated HTW) with preceding EAC crack growth.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFONTEVRAUD 9
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventFontevraud 9 : Contribution of Materials Investigation and Operating Experience to Light Water NPPs Safety, Performance and Reliability - Avignon, France
Duration: 17 Sep 201820 Sep 2018

Conference

ConferenceFontevraud 9 : Contribution of Materials Investigation and Operating Experience to Light Water NPPs Safety, Performance and Reliability
Abbreviated titleFontevraud
CountryFrance
CityAvignon
Period17/09/1820/09/18

Fingerprint

Steel structures
Fracture toughness
Hydrogen
Light water reactors
Aging of materials
Water
Temperature
Sulfur
Embrittlement
Structural integrity
Pressure vessels
Fracture mechanics
Crack propagation
Plastics
Degradation
Steel

Keywords

  • low alloy steel
  • hydrogen embrittiement
  • dynamic strain aging

Cite this

Que, Z., Seifert, H-P., Spätig, P., Zhang, A., Ritter, S., & Sudhakar, R. G. (2018). Environmental Reduction Effect of High Temperature Water and Hydrogen on Fracture Resistance of Low Alloy Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels. In FONTEVRAUD 9: Proceedings
Que, Zaiqing ; Seifert, Hans-Peter ; Spätig, Philippe ; Zhang, A. ; Ritter, Stefan ; Sudhakar, Rao G. / Environmental Reduction Effect of High Temperature Water and Hydrogen on Fracture Resistance of Low Alloy Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels. FONTEVRAUD 9: Proceedings. 2018.
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abstract = "The structural integrity of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) of light water reactors (LWR) is of utmost importance regarding operation safety and lifetime. The fracture behaviour of low-alloy RPV steels with different dynamic strain aging (DSA) & environmentally-assisted cracking (EAC) susceptibilities in simulated LWR environments was evaluated by elastic plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM) tests and various post-test characterizations. Exposure to high temperature water (HTW) environments at LWR operating temperatures only moderately reduces the fracture initiation and tearing resistance of low alloy RPV steels with high DSA or EAC susceptibility, accompanied with a clear change in fracture morphology, which indicates the potential synergies of hydrogen/HTW embrittlement with DSA and EAC under suitable conditions. The most pronounced degradation effects occurred in a) low sulphur RPV steels with high DSA susceptibility, where the fracture initiation and tearing resistance reduction increased with decreasing loading rate and increasing temperature and was most pronounced in hydrogenated HTW, and in b) high sulphur steels with high EAC susceptibility in aggressive occluded crevice environment (oxygenated HTW) with preceding EAC crack growth.",
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Que, Z, Seifert, H-P, Spätig, P, Zhang, A, Ritter, S & Sudhakar, RG 2018, Environmental Reduction Effect of High Temperature Water and Hydrogen on Fracture Resistance of Low Alloy Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels. in FONTEVRAUD 9: Proceedings. Fontevraud 9 : Contribution of Materials Investigation and Operating Experience to Light Water NPPs Safety, Performance and Reliability, Avignon, France, 17/09/18.

Environmental Reduction Effect of High Temperature Water and Hydrogen on Fracture Resistance of Low Alloy Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels. / Que, Zaiqing (Corresponding author); Seifert, Hans-Peter; Spätig, Philippe; Zhang, A.; Ritter, Stefan; Sudhakar, Rao G.

FONTEVRAUD 9: Proceedings. 2018.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Environmental Reduction Effect of High Temperature Water and Hydrogen on Fracture Resistance of Low Alloy Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels

AU - Que, Zaiqing

AU - Seifert, Hans-Peter

AU - Spätig, Philippe

AU - Zhang, A.

AU - Ritter, Stefan

AU - Sudhakar, Rao G.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The structural integrity of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) of light water reactors (LWR) is of utmost importance regarding operation safety and lifetime. The fracture behaviour of low-alloy RPV steels with different dynamic strain aging (DSA) & environmentally-assisted cracking (EAC) susceptibilities in simulated LWR environments was evaluated by elastic plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM) tests and various post-test characterizations. Exposure to high temperature water (HTW) environments at LWR operating temperatures only moderately reduces the fracture initiation and tearing resistance of low alloy RPV steels with high DSA or EAC susceptibility, accompanied with a clear change in fracture morphology, which indicates the potential synergies of hydrogen/HTW embrittlement with DSA and EAC under suitable conditions. The most pronounced degradation effects occurred in a) low sulphur RPV steels with high DSA susceptibility, where the fracture initiation and tearing resistance reduction increased with decreasing loading rate and increasing temperature and was most pronounced in hydrogenated HTW, and in b) high sulphur steels with high EAC susceptibility in aggressive occluded crevice environment (oxygenated HTW) with preceding EAC crack growth.

AB - The structural integrity of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) of light water reactors (LWR) is of utmost importance regarding operation safety and lifetime. The fracture behaviour of low-alloy RPV steels with different dynamic strain aging (DSA) & environmentally-assisted cracking (EAC) susceptibilities in simulated LWR environments was evaluated by elastic plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM) tests and various post-test characterizations. Exposure to high temperature water (HTW) environments at LWR operating temperatures only moderately reduces the fracture initiation and tearing resistance of low alloy RPV steels with high DSA or EAC susceptibility, accompanied with a clear change in fracture morphology, which indicates the potential synergies of hydrogen/HTW embrittlement with DSA and EAC under suitable conditions. The most pronounced degradation effects occurred in a) low sulphur RPV steels with high DSA susceptibility, where the fracture initiation and tearing resistance reduction increased with decreasing loading rate and increasing temperature and was most pronounced in hydrogenated HTW, and in b) high sulphur steels with high EAC susceptibility in aggressive occluded crevice environment (oxygenated HTW) with preceding EAC crack growth.

KW - low alloy steel

KW - hydrogen embrittiement

KW - dynamic strain aging

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

BT - FONTEVRAUD 9

ER -

Que Z, Seifert H-P, Spätig P, Zhang A, Ritter S, Sudhakar RG. Environmental Reduction Effect of High Temperature Water and Hydrogen on Fracture Resistance of Low Alloy Reactor Pressure Vessel Steels. In FONTEVRAUD 9: Proceedings. 2018