Enzyme-assisted extraction of hemicelluloses and lignin from organosolv pulps

Terhi Hakala, Sari Hyvärinen, Tiina Liitiä, Anna Suurnäkki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

Wood hemicellulose components, xylan and glucomannan, as well as lignin are interesting starting components for material applications, chemicals and liquid fuels. Thus, efficient and selective separation of these components from wood, pulp or process waters is of interest. With hydrolytic enzymes i.e. hemicellulases and cellulases the different carbohydrate components from lignocellulosic raw materials and pulps can be selectively decomposed. In this study enzymatic treatments were applied to enhance the lignin extraction from organosolv pulps. Organosolv pulps were obtained by cooking wood chips with the Lignofibre (LGF) process with acetic acid and phosphinic acid as catalyst. With the Lignofibre process it is possible to produce lignin rich, strong fibers with high yield. The enzymatic treatments were carried out before alkali extraction of the pulp to enhance the extraction efficiency. The extracted lignin was further isolated by ultrafiltration of the extraction liquor. The effect of enzyme treatment on the quality of the isolated components was assessed by analyzing the molar mass distribution of the isolated fractions using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The lignin content of the xylanase treated alkali-extracted pulp was lower than that of the reference pulp indicating that the enzyme treatment enhanced the alkaline extraction of lignin. The xylanase treatment affected also the molar mass distribution of the extracted lignin.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings
Pages153-157
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
Event11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp, EWLP 2010 - Hamburg, Germany
Duration: 16 Aug 201019 Aug 2010
Conference number: 11

Workshop

Workshop11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp, EWLP 2010
Abbreviated titleEWLP 2010
CountryGermany
CityHamburg
Period16/08/1019/08/10

Fingerprint

hemicellulose
pulp
lignin
enzymatic treatment
enzymes
xylanases
alkalis
wood pulp
molecular weight
cellulases
wood chips
xylan
ultrafiltration
catalysts
acetic acid
raw materials
cooking
dietary fiber
carbohydrates
liquids

Keywords

  • Extraction
  • xylan
  • lignin
  • xylanase
  • endoglucanase
  • enzyme

Cite this

Hakala, T., Hyvärinen, S., Liitiä, T., & Suurnäkki, A. (2010). Enzyme-assisted extraction of hemicelluloses and lignin from organosolv pulps. In Proceedings of 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp: Proceedings (pp. 153-157)
Hakala, Terhi ; Hyvärinen, Sari ; Liitiä, Tiina ; Suurnäkki, Anna. / Enzyme-assisted extraction of hemicelluloses and lignin from organosolv pulps. Proceedings of 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp: Proceedings. 2010. pp. 153-157
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abstract = "Wood hemicellulose components, xylan and glucomannan, as well as lignin are interesting starting components for material applications, chemicals and liquid fuels. Thus, efficient and selective separation of these components from wood, pulp or process waters is of interest. With hydrolytic enzymes i.e. hemicellulases and cellulases the different carbohydrate components from lignocellulosic raw materials and pulps can be selectively decomposed. In this study enzymatic treatments were applied to enhance the lignin extraction from organosolv pulps. Organosolv pulps were obtained by cooking wood chips with the Lignofibre (LGF) process with acetic acid and phosphinic acid as catalyst. With the Lignofibre process it is possible to produce lignin rich, strong fibers with high yield. The enzymatic treatments were carried out before alkali extraction of the pulp to enhance the extraction efficiency. The extracted lignin was further isolated by ultrafiltration of the extraction liquor. The effect of enzyme treatment on the quality of the isolated components was assessed by analyzing the molar mass distribution of the isolated fractions using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The lignin content of the xylanase treated alkali-extracted pulp was lower than that of the reference pulp indicating that the enzyme treatment enhanced the alkaline extraction of lignin. The xylanase treatment affected also the molar mass distribution of the extracted lignin.",
keywords = "Extraction, xylan, lignin, xylanase, endoglucanase, enzyme",
author = "Terhi Hakala and Sari Hyv{\"a}rinen and Tiina Liiti{\"a} and Anna Suurn{\"a}kki",
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Hakala, T, Hyvärinen, S, Liitiä, T & Suurnäkki, A 2010, Enzyme-assisted extraction of hemicelluloses and lignin from organosolv pulps. in Proceedings of 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp: Proceedings. pp. 153-157, 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp, EWLP 2010, Hamburg, Germany, 16/08/10.

Enzyme-assisted extraction of hemicelluloses and lignin from organosolv pulps. / Hakala, Terhi; Hyvärinen, Sari; Liitiä, Tiina; Suurnäkki, Anna.

Proceedings of 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp: Proceedings. 2010. p. 153-157.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

TY - GEN

T1 - Enzyme-assisted extraction of hemicelluloses and lignin from organosolv pulps

AU - Hakala, Terhi

AU - Hyvärinen, Sari

AU - Liitiä, Tiina

AU - Suurnäkki, Anna

N1 - Projekti: Afore - Forest biorefineries: Added-value from chemicals and polymers by new integrated separation, fractionation and upgrading technologies Project code: 27110

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Wood hemicellulose components, xylan and glucomannan, as well as lignin are interesting starting components for material applications, chemicals and liquid fuels. Thus, efficient and selective separation of these components from wood, pulp or process waters is of interest. With hydrolytic enzymes i.e. hemicellulases and cellulases the different carbohydrate components from lignocellulosic raw materials and pulps can be selectively decomposed. In this study enzymatic treatments were applied to enhance the lignin extraction from organosolv pulps. Organosolv pulps were obtained by cooking wood chips with the Lignofibre (LGF) process with acetic acid and phosphinic acid as catalyst. With the Lignofibre process it is possible to produce lignin rich, strong fibers with high yield. The enzymatic treatments were carried out before alkali extraction of the pulp to enhance the extraction efficiency. The extracted lignin was further isolated by ultrafiltration of the extraction liquor. The effect of enzyme treatment on the quality of the isolated components was assessed by analyzing the molar mass distribution of the isolated fractions using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The lignin content of the xylanase treated alkali-extracted pulp was lower than that of the reference pulp indicating that the enzyme treatment enhanced the alkaline extraction of lignin. The xylanase treatment affected also the molar mass distribution of the extracted lignin.

AB - Wood hemicellulose components, xylan and glucomannan, as well as lignin are interesting starting components for material applications, chemicals and liquid fuels. Thus, efficient and selective separation of these components from wood, pulp or process waters is of interest. With hydrolytic enzymes i.e. hemicellulases and cellulases the different carbohydrate components from lignocellulosic raw materials and pulps can be selectively decomposed. In this study enzymatic treatments were applied to enhance the lignin extraction from organosolv pulps. Organosolv pulps were obtained by cooking wood chips with the Lignofibre (LGF) process with acetic acid and phosphinic acid as catalyst. With the Lignofibre process it is possible to produce lignin rich, strong fibers with high yield. The enzymatic treatments were carried out before alkali extraction of the pulp to enhance the extraction efficiency. The extracted lignin was further isolated by ultrafiltration of the extraction liquor. The effect of enzyme treatment on the quality of the isolated components was assessed by analyzing the molar mass distribution of the isolated fractions using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). The lignin content of the xylanase treated alkali-extracted pulp was lower than that of the reference pulp indicating that the enzyme treatment enhanced the alkaline extraction of lignin. The xylanase treatment affected also the molar mass distribution of the extracted lignin.

KW - Extraction

KW - xylan

KW - lignin

KW - xylanase

KW - endoglucanase

KW - enzyme

M3 - Conference article in proceedings

SP - 153

EP - 157

BT - Proceedings of 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp

ER -

Hakala T, Hyvärinen S, Liitiä T, Suurnäkki A. Enzyme-assisted extraction of hemicelluloses and lignin from organosolv pulps. In Proceedings of 11th European Workshop on Lignocellulosics and Pulp: Proceedings. 2010. p. 153-157