Epistemic integration of the European Research Area: The shifting geography of the knowledge base of Finnish research, 1995-2010

Hannes Toivanen (Corresponding Author), Arho Suominen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The integration of national research systems is one of the central objectives of European research policies. Yet the epistemic objectives of this project have been poorly defined, and scant attention has been paid to whether political, social and financial integration of the European Research Area (ERA) is accompanied by epistemic integration. We discuss the conceptual framework and methodological practices to monitor research integration, and conclude that most of them, such as research collaboration, are only partial indicators of it. To augment existing approaches with an analysis of epistemic integration, we analyse the geographical sources of knowledge of Finnish research in the period 1995-2010. We show a broad shift towards a European knowledge base, demonstrating epistemic integration into the ERA, and that Finnish researchers are, paradoxically, sourcing knowledge from an increasingly distributed system of European knowledge hubs. As policy implications, we recommend clarifying the ERA's epistemic objectives and redefining its strategy of 'reducing fragmentation'.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-566
JournalScience and Public Policy
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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geography
research policy
conceptual framework
fragmentation

Keywords

  • research integration
  • research collaboration
  • research system
  • European research area
  • Finland
  • knowledge bases

Cite this

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title = "Epistemic integration of the European Research Area: The shifting geography of the knowledge base of Finnish research, 1995-2010",
abstract = "The integration of national research systems is one of the central objectives of European research policies. Yet the epistemic objectives of this project have been poorly defined, and scant attention has been paid to whether political, social and financial integration of the European Research Area (ERA) is accompanied by epistemic integration. We discuss the conceptual framework and methodological practices to monitor research integration, and conclude that most of them, such as research collaboration, are only partial indicators of it. To augment existing approaches with an analysis of epistemic integration, we analyse the geographical sources of knowledge of Finnish research in the period 1995-2010. We show a broad shift towards a European knowledge base, demonstrating epistemic integration into the ERA, and that Finnish researchers are, paradoxically, sourcing knowledge from an increasingly distributed system of European knowledge hubs. As policy implications, we recommend clarifying the ERA's epistemic objectives and redefining its strategy of 'reducing fragmentation'.",
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Epistemic integration of the European Research Area: The shifting geography of the knowledge base of Finnish research, 1995-2010. / Toivanen, Hannes (Corresponding Author); Suominen, Arho.

In: Science and Public Policy, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2015, p. 549-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Toivanen, Hannes

AU - Suominen, Arho

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