Epithermal neutron beam interference with cardiac pacemakers

H. Koivunoro (Corresponding Author), T. Serén, H. Hyvönen, P. Kotiluoto, P. Iivonen, I. Auterinen, T. Seppälä, L. Kankaanranta, S. Pakarinen, M. Tenhunen, S. Savolainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    11 Citations (Scopus)


    In this paper, a phantom study was performed to evaluate the effect of an epithermal neutron beam irradiation on the cardiac pacemaker function. Severe malfunction occurred in the pacemakers after substantially lower dose from epithermal neutron irradiation than reported in the fast neutron or photon beams at the same dose rate level. In addition the pacemakers got activated, resulting in nuclides with half-lives from 25. min to 115. d. We suggest that BNCT should be administrated only after removal of the pacemaker from the vicinity of the tumor.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1904-1906
    Number of pages3
    JournalApplied Radiation and Isotopes
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • MCNP
    • Neutron activation
    • Pacemaker
    • SERA


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