Ergonomic evaluation of cab design employing digital and physical mock-ups

Susanna Aromaa, Juhani Viitaniemi, Kaj Helin, A Vento

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific


    This paper introduces the advantages and disadvantages of the use of digital and physical mock-ups (DMUs, PMUs) in the evaluation of human factors/ergonomics (HFE) in machine cab design. In order to gather information, participatory design, contextual inquiry, observation and interviews were applied in the studies. The main result of the studies was that there is a need for both types of mock-ups when evaluating HFE and validating user requirements. The context of the use is better delivered in DMUs due to the visualisation of the environment and ability to perform the real task. However, depending of the technical set up of the DMU, some deficiency of sensor feedback (etc. haptic) can negatively affect the user's behaviour. Advantages in PMUs are that they are typically more realistic and provide a better immediate understanding of the cab space. One disadvantage is that often the physical environment around the PMU is not natural enough. It is important to know when, why and how to use different type of mock-ups so as to gain faster time-to-market and better HFE.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAdvances in Ergonomics In Design, Usability and Special Populations
    Subtitle of host publicationPart 1
    PublisherCRC Press
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4951-2106-7
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    Event5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics AHFE 2014 - Kraków, Poland
    Duration: 19 Jul 201423 Jul 2014
    Conference number: 5


    Conference5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics AHFE 2014
    Abbreviated titleAHFE 2014


    • human factors
    • ergonomics
    • physical mock-up
    • digital mock-up
    • virtual environments
    • design


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