Erosion and redeposition patterns on entire erosion marker tiles after exposure in the first operation phase of WEST

Martin Balden, M. Mayer, B. Bliewert, E. Bernard, M. Diez, M. Firdaouss, M. Missirlian, B. Pégourié, M. Richou, H. Roche, E. Tsitrone, C. Martin, Antti Hakola, WEST Team

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13 Citations (Scopus)


The net erosion and deposition patterns in the inner and outer divertor of WEST were determined after different experimental campaigns (C3 and C4) of the first operational phase using ion beam analyses and scanning electron microscopy techniques. The analyses were performed on four entire tiles from inertially cooled, W-coated divertor units with an additional Mo marker coating covered with a further W coating. Strong erosion occurred at the expected location of the inner and outer strike line area with a campaign-averaged net erosion rate of >0.1 nm s−1. On the high field side of the inner strike line area, thick deposited layers were found (>10 μm; growth rate >1 nm s−1), mainly composed of B, C, O, and W. Additionally, strong arcing was observed in this region. At the end of the C4 campaign, He discharges were performed to study the He-W interaction. Although the conditions for nanotendrils, i.e. fuzz formation were fulfilled around the outer strike line position, neither nanotendrils nor He bubbles (>10 nm) were observed at this area.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberac2182
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


This work has been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and has received funding from the Euratom research and training programme 2014–2018 and 2019–2020 under grant agreement No 633053.


  • Arcing
  • Erosion and deposition
  • Plasma-wall interaction
  • RBS and NRA
  • SEM and EDX
  • Tungsten fuzz
  • WEST


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