Estimating radar visibility with computer modelling

Seppo Horsmanheimo, Wenche Backman, Lotta Tuomimäki, Jari Hautio, Arto Hujanen, Hans Toivanen, Risto Joro, Jorma Rytkönen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientific


The maritime transport has grown significantly in the Baltic Sea over recent years, which in turn has increased the risk of maritime accidents. As a result, the Finnish Maritime Administration (FMA) has started a fairway development programme for 2007– 2016 (Meri- ja sisävesiväylien kehittämisohjelma) to ensure the safety and quality of maritime services of the existing coastal and inland waterways, and to provide sufficient transport capacity by building new waterways. As a result, the maintenance costs can be predicted to grow. Therefore FMA has put more effort on cost-efficient fairway maintenance and construction. The aim of this research work was to develop a common radar reflector prototype that would be easily scalable to different sizes of aids to navigation. The second aim was to develop a simulation environment where the radar visibility on a selected fairway could be studied in a real-like environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-35
JournalEuropean Journal of Navigation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeB1 Article in a scientific magazine


  • Baltic sea
  • safety
  • navigation
  • aids to navigation
  • AtoN
  • fairway markings
  • radar reflector

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