The aim of this study was to develop and apply an advanced, measurement based method for the estimation of annual CH4 and N2O emissions and thus gain improved understanding on the actual greenhouse gas (GHG) balances of combustion of fossil fuels, peat, biofuels and REF. CH4 and N2O emissions depend strongly on combustion conditions, and therefore the emission factors used in the calculation of annual emissions contain significant uncertainties. Fluidised bed combustion (FBC) has many good properties for combustion of different types of fuels and fuels of varying quality, e.g., biofuels and wastes. Therefore, it is currently increasing its market share. In this study, long term measurements (up to 50 days) were carried out at seven FBC boilers representing different size classes, loadings and fuel mixes. Both decreasing load and increasing share of coal in fuel mix increased N2O emissions. Measurement results from different loading levels were combined with the common loading curves of similar plants in Finland to estimate annual emissions. Based on the results, recommendations for emission factors for the Finnish GHG emission inventory are given. The role of FBC as a potential technology for the utilisation of biofuels and wastes with future GHG reduction requirements is discussed.
- Nitrous oxide
- Emission factor
- Partial load
- Fluidised bed combustion
Tsupari, E., Monni, S., Tormonen, K., Pellikka, T., & Syri, S. (2007). Estimation of annual CH4 and N2O emissions from fluidised bed combustion: An advanced measurement-based method and its application to Finland. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 1(3), 289-297. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1750-5836(07)00019-9