Ethics in designing intelligent systems

Pertti Saariluoma (Corresponding author), Jaana Leikas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The idea of Hume’s guillotine contains the argument that one cannot derive values from facts. As intelligent systems operate with facts, Hume’s famous dilemma seems to contradict the very idea of being able to create ethical intelligent systems. In a closer look, ethics is a system of rules guiding actions. Actions always have factual or cognitive aspects, as well as evaluative or emotional aspects. Therefore, Hume’s juxtaposition of facts and norms is not well-founded. Instead of separating the facts and norms it should rather ask what kinds of facts are associated to what kinds of norms. Consequently, Hume’s guillotine sets no limits in processing ethical information, as one can combine facts and values while constructing information processes. However, intelligent machines cannot process ethical information independently of the human mind, as one cannot discuss ‘relevance’ in any formal language. Intelligent systems can be given descriptions of ethical situations and related norms, but machines cannot initiate ethical rules themselves.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Interaction and Emerging Technologies, IHIET 2019
EditorsTareq Ahram, Redha Taiar, Serge Colson, Arnaud Choplin
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages47-52
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-25629-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-25628-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event1st International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies, IHIET 2019 - Nice, France
Duration: 22 Aug 201924 Aug 2019

Publication series

SeriesAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume1018
ISSN2194-5357

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies, IHIET 2019
CountryFrance
CityNice
Period22/08/1924/08/19

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Keywords

  • ethics
  • Hume's guillotine
  • appraisal
  • designing intelligent systems
  • the probleme of relevance

Cite this

Saariluoma, P., & Leikas, J. (2020). Ethics in designing intelligent systems. In T. Ahram, R. Taiar, S. Colson, & A. Choplin (Eds.), Human Interaction and Emerging Technologies, IHIET 2019 (pp. 47-52). Springer. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Vol.. 1018 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-25629-6_8