European balancing act

Thomas Ackermann, Juan Rivier Abbad, Ivan M. Dudurych, Istvan Erlich, Hannele Holttinen, Jesper Runge Kristoffersen, Poul Ejnar Sorensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wind power integration into power systems has two dimensions: an economical one related to optimization of the resources and a fair sharing of the cost, and a technical one related to security of supply. The economical dimension is first observed in the allocation and use of reserves that can incur increased costs for the power system operation. The actual impact of adding wind generation in different balancing areas can vary depending on local factors. Comparing European studies, some general aspects to reduce integration costs were identified, such as aggregating wind plant output over large geographical regions, larger balancing areas, and operating the power system closer to the delivery hour. In regard to the technical dimension, appropriate grid codes, in particular FRT and frequency control requirements, are essential to allow high wind penetration levels (>15%).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-103
JournalIEEE Power and Energy Magazine
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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Geographical regions
Costs
Wind power

Keywords

  • wind
  • wind energy
  • wind power
  • wind power fluctuations
  • wind power variations
  • wind variations

Cite this

Ackermann, T., Abbad, J. R., Dudurych, I. M., Erlich, I., Holttinen, H., Kristoffersen, J. R., & Sorensen, P. E. (2007). European balancing act. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 5(6), 90-103. https://doi.org/10.1109/MPE.2007.906511
Ackermann, Thomas ; Abbad, Juan Rivier ; Dudurych, Ivan M. ; Erlich, Istvan ; Holttinen, Hannele ; Kristoffersen, Jesper Runge ; Sorensen, Poul Ejnar. / European balancing act. In: IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. 2007 ; Vol. 5, No. 6. pp. 90-103.
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abstract = "Wind power integration into power systems has two dimensions: an economical one related to optimization of the resources and a fair sharing of the cost, and a technical one related to security of supply. The economical dimension is first observed in the allocation and use of reserves that can incur increased costs for the power system operation. The actual impact of adding wind generation in different balancing areas can vary depending on local factors. Comparing European studies, some general aspects to reduce integration costs were identified, such as aggregating wind plant output over large geographical regions, larger balancing areas, and operating the power system closer to the delivery hour. In regard to the technical dimension, appropriate grid codes, in particular FRT and frequency control requirements, are essential to allow high wind penetration levels (>15{\%}).",
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Ackermann, T, Abbad, JR, Dudurych, IM, Erlich, I, Holttinen, H, Kristoffersen, JR & Sorensen, PE 2007, 'European balancing act', IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 90-103. https://doi.org/10.1109/MPE.2007.906511

European balancing act. / Ackermann, Thomas; Abbad, Juan Rivier; Dudurych, Ivan M.; Erlich, Istvan; Holttinen, Hannele; Kristoffersen, Jesper Runge; Sorensen, Poul Ejnar.

In: IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2007, p. 90-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - European balancing act

AU - Ackermann, Thomas

AU - Abbad, Juan Rivier

AU - Dudurych, Ivan M.

AU - Erlich, Istvan

AU - Holttinen, Hannele

AU - Kristoffersen, Jesper Runge

AU - Sorensen, Poul Ejnar

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

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AB - Wind power integration into power systems has two dimensions: an economical one related to optimization of the resources and a fair sharing of the cost, and a technical one related to security of supply. The economical dimension is first observed in the allocation and use of reserves that can incur increased costs for the power system operation. The actual impact of adding wind generation in different balancing areas can vary depending on local factors. Comparing European studies, some general aspects to reduce integration costs were identified, such as aggregating wind plant output over large geographical regions, larger balancing areas, and operating the power system closer to the delivery hour. In regard to the technical dimension, appropriate grid codes, in particular FRT and frequency control requirements, are essential to allow high wind penetration levels (>15%).

KW - wind

KW - wind energy

KW - wind power

KW - wind power fluctuations

KW - wind power variations

KW - wind variations

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DO - 10.1109/MPE.2007.906511

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JO - IEEE Power and Energy Magazine

JF - IEEE Power and Energy Magazine

SN - 1540-7977

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Ackermann T, Abbad JR, Dudurych IM, Erlich I, Holttinen H, Kristoffersen JR et al. European balancing act. IEEE Power and Energy Magazine. 2007;5(6):90-103. https://doi.org/10.1109/MPE.2007.906511