European classes for the reaction to fire performance of wood products

Birgit Östman (Corresponding Author), Esko Mikkola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The new classification system for the reaction to fire performance of building products in Europe has been applied to five different product families of wood: Wood-based panels, Structural timber, Glued laminated timber, Solid wood panelling and cladding and Wood flooring as being ‘products with known and stable fire performance’. The European classification system includes two sub-systems, one main system for all construction products except floorings and the other for flooring products. Wood properties such as density, thickness, joints and types of end use application including different substrates have been studied thoroughly and are included in the classification. Most wood products fall in classes D-s2, d0 or Dfl-s1 (for floorings). Testing has been performed according to EN 13823 (2002) SBI- Single Burning Item test, EN ISO 9239-1 (2002) Radiant panel test, and EN ISO 11925-2 (2002) Small flame test. In all, more than one hundred wood products in different end use applications have been studied. Clear relationships between the main Euroclass fire performance parameters and product parameters (such as density and thickness) have been demonstrated. Tables with reaction to fire classification of different wood products and end use applications have been developed, approved by the European Commission and published in their Official Journal. This procedure is ongoing with further official decisions to be published.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-337
JournalHolz als Roh- und Werkstoff
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • classifications
  • fire performance of materials
  • fire prevention
  • fire resistance
  • building products
  • panels
  • timber
  • glued laminated timber
  • wood flooring


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