Evaluation of a SOE stack for hydrogen and syngas production: a performance and durability analysis

M. Kotisaari, O. Thomann, D. Montinaro, J. Kiviaho

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Solid oxide electrolyzer (SOE) are gaining growing interest in research because they can convert electricity into a chemical fuel with high efficiency. The present work investigates the performance of a 6-cell SOE stack (80 cm2 active area) in electrolysis and co-electrolysis modes for producing hydrogen and synthetic fuel. Initially, the stack was operated and characterized in fuel cell mode at 750?°C. Operation was then changed to electrolysis mode. The stack performance was characterized with four different inlet gas compositions of various ratios of inlet steam and carbon dioxide at temperatures of 700, 750 and 800?°C. It was found that the stack performance depends primarily on the operation temperature and only to a small extent on the inlet gas composition. Finally, a steam electrolysis durability test of 1,500 hours was performed at a current density of -0.775 A cm-2 (50% of reactant utilization) and at a temperature of 750?°C. The voltage trend showed that no degradation could be observed, which is a very promising result. In conclusion, the investigated stack appears suitable for syngas production. In the future, co-electrolysis durability tests will be conducted to evaluate the effect of addition of carbon dioxide on the stack durability.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)571-580
    Number of pages10
    JournalFuel Cells
    Volume17
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Electrolysis
    Durability
    Hydrogen
    Oxides
    Carbon dioxide
    Steam
    Regenerative fuel cells
    Synthetic fuels
    Hydrogen fuels
    Chemical analysis
    Gases
    Temperature
    Fuel cells
    Current density
    Electricity
    Degradation
    Electric potential

    Keywords

    • Co-electrolysis
    • Durability Test
    • Fuel Cell
    • Hydrogens
    • Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC)
    • Stack Characterization

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Solid oxide electrolyzer (SOE) are gaining growing interest in research because they can convert electricity into a chemical fuel with high efficiency. The present work investigates the performance of a 6-cell SOE stack (80 cm2 active area) in electrolysis and co-electrolysis modes for producing hydrogen and synthetic fuel. Initially, the stack was operated and characterized in fuel cell mode at 750?°C. Operation was then changed to electrolysis mode. The stack performance was characterized with four different inlet gas compositions of various ratios of inlet steam and carbon dioxide at temperatures of 700, 750 and 800?°C. It was found that the stack performance depends primarily on the operation temperature and only to a small extent on the inlet gas composition. Finally, a steam electrolysis durability test of 1,500 hours was performed at a current density of -0.775 A cm-2 (50{\%} of reactant utilization) and at a temperature of 750?°C. The voltage trend showed that no degradation could be observed, which is a very promising result. In conclusion, the investigated stack appears suitable for syngas production. In the future, co-electrolysis durability tests will be conducted to evaluate the effect of addition of carbon dioxide on the stack durability.",
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    Evaluation of a SOE stack for hydrogen and syngas production: a performance and durability analysis. / Kotisaari, M.; Thomann, O.; Montinaro, D.; Kiviaho, J.

    In: Fuel Cells, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.08.2017, p. 571-580.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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