Evaluation of crushing strength of spray-dried MgAl2O4 granule beds

Ulla Kanerva, Tomi Suhonen, Juha Lagerbom, E. Levänen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    The crushing strengths of four different experimental magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) granule beds were monitored with the axial die pressing test after heat treatments. Precursor, magnesium hydroxide (Mg(OH)2) and magnesium oxide (MgO) as Mg precursor and aluminium oxide hydroxide Al(O)OH and a-Al2O3 as Al precursor, were used for experimental granules, which were manufactured via a dispersion manufacturing and spray-drying process. After spray-drying, granules were heat treated in air at 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300 and 1400°C. In order to understand the potential effect of precursor, phase structure, morphology, particle size distribution and density of granules on crushing strength behaviour, scanning X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used together with electron microscopy (SEM) and laser diffraction (LDPA) for characterisation. All precursor mixtures formed spherical granules during the spray-drying process and pure spinel phase structure during heat treatment. The crushing strength test results indicated that the Al precursor clearly affected the crushing strength behaviour of experimental granule beds. The highest strength was observed for granule beds with Al(O)OH) as Al and Mg(OH)2 as Mg precursor.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8494-8500
    JournalCeramics International
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • axial pressing
    • granule
    • MgAl2O4 spinel
    • the crushing strength
    • ProperPart
    • ProperTune


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