Evaluation of European District Heating Systems for Application to Army Installations in the United States: Final report

Alexander M. Zhivov, John L. Vavrin, Alfred Woody, Donald Fournier, Stephen Richter, Daniel Droste, Satu Paiho, Jenni Jahn, Reijo Kohonen

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    “District heating” (DH) is much less common in the United States than in Europe, where it is widely accepted as a method for providing safe, efficient, low-cost heating energy to the consumer. This study investigated and evaluated experiences with DH systems in Europe, focusing on systems in Germany and Finland, to offer recommendations for improving U.S. Army DH systems in the Continental United States (CONUS), specifically to evaluate the feasibility and economics of converting existing systems, to reduce heat and water losses, to improve thermal efficiencies, and to reduce the high cost of pipe replacement. This work investigated technical details of energy plant and DH systems, including some U.S. Army and municipal district heating systems in Germany, and recommended that CONUS Army central energy plants be investigated for conversion to cogeneration facilities, with sliding temperature-variable
    flow of medium/low temperature hot water as a heating source.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages244
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

    Publication series

    SeriesPentagon Reports
    VolumeA193164
    SeriesU.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Report
    NumberERDC/CERL-TR-06-20

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  • Cite this

    Zhivov, A. M., Vavrin, J. L., Woody, A., Fournier, D., Richter, S., Droste, D., Paiho, S., Jahn, J., & Kohonen, R. (2006). Evaluation of European District Heating Systems for Application to Army Installations in the United States: Final report. Pentagon Reports, Vol.. A193164, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Report, No. ERDC/CERL-TR-06-20 http://hdl.handle.net/11681/20086