Evaluation of ex situ analytical techniques to characterise the oxide films formed on stainless steel in high-temperature aqueous environments

Martin Bojinov, Petri Kinnunen, Timo Laitinen, Kari Mäkelä, Timo Saario

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesVTT Manufacturing Technology. Research Report


  • ex situ analysis
  • high-temperature aqueous environment
  • oxide films
  • stainless steel
  • glow-discharge optical emission spectroscopy (GDOES)
  • Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)
  • scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • Raman spectroscopy

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