Evaluation of microfiber release from jeans: the impact of different washing conditions

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Microplastic particles are a burgeoning population crisis in the marine environment. This research examines the emission of microfibers from three different jeans (garments) during domestic washing. The jeans types, washing temperature, washing duration, spin speed, detergent types, and addition of conditioner are the main factors for this research work. The average length and diameter of the microfibers for the 100% PET jeans (jeans-P) has 7800 ± 4000 μm and 11.9±3.2 μm and for polyester/cotton jeans (jeans-PB) has 4900 ± 2200 μm 17.4±4.8 μm, respectively. The maximum microfiber released was observed in the rigorous washing treatment (90 min, 60°C, 1400 rpm, powder detergent with the presence of conditioner). The surmised number of microfibers discharged from the 1 kg wash load of jeans-P was calculated within the extent of 2300000–4900000 microfibers, and it is varied by the washing treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58570-58582
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Jeans
  • Microfibers
  • Microplastics
  • Textiles, Domestic washing
  • Laundering
  • Polyesters
  • Plastics
  • Textiles


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