Evaluation of near surface defects and fatigue properties of cast iron

Jouni Alhainen, Jussi Solin, Matti Johansson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This research work aimed to find out means to ensure fatigue strength of cast components. Componenta carries out R&D to avoid casting defects which have detrimental effect on the fatigue properties. Extensive metallographic studies and fatigue experiments were herein performed to support this development work. Clear differences in the amount of degenerated graphite and defects near the casting surface were seen in the micrographs at different surface positions. An ultrasound scanning microscope was used to evaluate applicability of Rayleigh wave velocity measurements to detect and classify small surface defects. This technology was investigated as a candidate method for non-destructive quality control. Some fatigue crack initiation sites could be correlated with the detected surface defects, but the influence of defects on the fatigue properties could not be evaluated. The fatigue strengths of the studied variants were within a common scatter band. But the results of ultrasonic measurements are in perfect agreement with the microstructural measurements. They are also fully in line with the trends in fatigue lives and scatters.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCompetent Design by Castings: Improvements in a Nordic project
    Subtitle of host publicationGJUTDESIGN-2005 final seminar
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Pages133-155
    ISBN (Electronic)951-38-6299-2
    ISBN (Print)951-38-6298-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2005
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    EventCompetent Design by Castings: Improvements in a Nordic project
    : GJUTDESIGN-2005 final seminar
    - Espoo, Finland
    Duration: 13 Jun 200514 Jun 2005

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Symposium
    Number237
    ISSN0357-9387

    Seminar

    SeminarCompetent Design by Castings: Improvements in a Nordic project
    CountryFinland
    CityEspoo
    Period13/06/0514/06/05

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    Cite this

    Alhainen, J., Solin, J., & Johansson, M. (2005). Evaluation of near surface defects and fatigue properties of cast iron. In Competent Design by Castings: Improvements in a Nordic project: GJUTDESIGN-2005 final seminar (pp. 133-155). VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 237