Evaluation of some titanium-based ceramic coatings on high speed steel cutting tools

Helena Ronkainen, Ilkka Nieminen, Kenneth Holmberg, Adrian Leyland, Allan Matthews, Bernd Matthes, Erhard Broszeit

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Titanium-based ceramic coatings, comprising Ti(B,N) and (Ti,Al)N, were produced by d.c. plasma-assisted electron beam physical vapour deposition and r.f.-magnetron sputtering on high speed steel (HSS) tools. Longitudinal turning tests were carried out using the international standard procedure ISO 3685-1977. HSS tool inserts were employed to cut calcium-treated (MoCN 206 M) cementation steel. The main cutting fluid was an emulsion with good cooling properties. Comparative drilling tests and turning tests with conventional (MoCN 206) cementation steel and aluminium alloy workpieces were also carried out as well as tests with a cutting fluid containing EP-additives. Reference materials in cutting tests were uncoated and commercially TiN coated HSS inserts.

    The new titanium-based coatings improved the tool life considerably even when compared with TiN coated tools. In particular, (Ti,Al)N coatings showed excellent resistance against flank wear in steel cutting conditions, improving the wear resistance of HSS tools two to three times when compared with TiN. Ti(B,N) coatings also had encouraging initial results, although variations in thickness and the brittle nature of the coating deteriorated their performance. The failure mechanisms of the new coatings differed to some extent from those observed with TiN coatings in metal cutting.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)468-473
    JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
    Volume49
    Issue number1-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1991
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    ceramic coatings
    Ceramic coatings
    Steel
    Cutting tools
    Titanium
    titanium
    high speed
    steels
    Coatings
    evaluation
    Tool steel
    coatings
    Cutting fluids
    cementation
    inserts
    metal cutting
    Metal cutting
    Die casting inserts
    Physical vapor deposition
    Alloy steel

    Cite this

    Ronkainen, H., Nieminen, I., Holmberg, K., Leyland, A., Matthews, A., Matthes, B., & Broszeit, E. (1991). Evaluation of some titanium-based ceramic coatings on high speed steel cutting tools. Surface and Coatings Technology, 49(1-3), 468-473. https://doi.org/10.1016/0257-8972(91)90102-3
    Ronkainen, Helena ; Nieminen, Ilkka ; Holmberg, Kenneth ; Leyland, Adrian ; Matthews, Allan ; Matthes, Bernd ; Broszeit, Erhard. / Evaluation of some titanium-based ceramic coatings on high speed steel cutting tools. In: Surface and Coatings Technology. 1991 ; Vol. 49, No. 1-3. pp. 468-473.
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    abstract = "Titanium-based ceramic coatings, comprising Ti(B,N) and (Ti,Al)N, were produced by d.c. plasma-assisted electron beam physical vapour deposition and r.f.-magnetron sputtering on high speed steel (HSS) tools. Longitudinal turning tests were carried out using the international standard procedure ISO 3685-1977. HSS tool inserts were employed to cut calcium-treated (MoCN 206 M) cementation steel. The main cutting fluid was an emulsion with good cooling properties. Comparative drilling tests and turning tests with conventional (MoCN 206) cementation steel and aluminium alloy workpieces were also carried out as well as tests with a cutting fluid containing EP-additives. Reference materials in cutting tests were uncoated and commercially TiN coated HSS inserts.The new titanium-based coatings improved the tool life considerably even when compared with TiN coated tools. In particular, (Ti,Al)N coatings showed excellent resistance against flank wear in steel cutting conditions, improving the wear resistance of HSS tools two to three times when compared with TiN. Ti(B,N) coatings also had encouraging initial results, although variations in thickness and the brittle nature of the coating deteriorated their performance. The failure mechanisms of the new coatings differed to some extent from those observed with TiN coatings in metal cutting.",
    author = "Helena Ronkainen and Ilkka Nieminen and Kenneth Holmberg and Adrian Leyland and Allan Matthews and Bernd Matthes and Erhard Broszeit",
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    Ronkainen, H, Nieminen, I, Holmberg, K, Leyland, A, Matthews, A, Matthes, B & Broszeit, E 1991, 'Evaluation of some titanium-based ceramic coatings on high speed steel cutting tools', Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 49, no. 1-3, pp. 468-473. https://doi.org/10.1016/0257-8972(91)90102-3

    Evaluation of some titanium-based ceramic coatings on high speed steel cutting tools. / Ronkainen, Helena; Nieminen, Ilkka; Holmberg, Kenneth; Leyland, Adrian; Matthews, Allan; Matthes, Bernd; Broszeit, Erhard.

    In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 49, No. 1-3, 1991, p. 468-473.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Ronkainen, Helena

    AU - Nieminen, Ilkka

    AU - Holmberg, Kenneth

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    AU - Matthews, Allan

    AU - Matthes, Bernd

    AU - Broszeit, Erhard

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    AB - Titanium-based ceramic coatings, comprising Ti(B,N) and (Ti,Al)N, were produced by d.c. plasma-assisted electron beam physical vapour deposition and r.f.-magnetron sputtering on high speed steel (HSS) tools. Longitudinal turning tests were carried out using the international standard procedure ISO 3685-1977. HSS tool inserts were employed to cut calcium-treated (MoCN 206 M) cementation steel. The main cutting fluid was an emulsion with good cooling properties. Comparative drilling tests and turning tests with conventional (MoCN 206) cementation steel and aluminium alloy workpieces were also carried out as well as tests with a cutting fluid containing EP-additives. Reference materials in cutting tests were uncoated and commercially TiN coated HSS inserts.The new titanium-based coatings improved the tool life considerably even when compared with TiN coated tools. In particular, (Ti,Al)N coatings showed excellent resistance against flank wear in steel cutting conditions, improving the wear resistance of HSS tools two to three times when compared with TiN. Ti(B,N) coatings also had encouraging initial results, although variations in thickness and the brittle nature of the coating deteriorated their performance. The failure mechanisms of the new coatings differed to some extent from those observed with TiN coatings in metal cutting.

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