@inproceedings{3ca213ef41f248cdb07686175e70b94a,

title = "Evaluation of two-fluid and drift flux thermohydraulics in APROS code environment",

abstract = "The characteristics of the thermohydraulic solutions in APROS are considered for the nuclear power plant modelling. The thermohydraulic model of the APROS plant analyzer includes three levels of solutions, homogeneous 3-equation model, 5-equation drift flux model and 6-equation two-fluid model. In practical modelling of versatile process systems different approaches are selected for different types of the power plant sections. The 3-equation model is used for turbines and auxiliary systems. The 5-equation model and 6-equation model are alternative models for main process sections of the primary and secondary sides. The 5-equation model has been typically selected for the real time applications and the 6-equation model for the safety analysis applications. The validation needs for both approaches are the same. Because the change of the solution mode is an easy task in APROS, the validation tasks are typically performed in parallel for 5-equation and 6-equation models. By calculating in parallel with both models systematic errors in solutions may be pointed out. The testing against both separate effects tests and integral tests is an essential part in the thermohydraulics. In different plant applications different physical features are important. The analysis requirements vary from one application to another. When nodalizations together with increased computer speed are growing up, the earlier validation cases may be insufficient. That is why the content of the code has to be known in detail. Such an expertise in the code development has to be gained that properties of the code against other thermohydraulics codes are known.",

author = "Jaakko Miettinen and Ismo Karppinen and Markku H{\"a}nninen and Jukka Ylijoki",

year = "1999",

language = "English",

isbn = "951-38-5269-5",

series = "VTT Symposium",

publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",

number = "194",

pages = "378--389",

booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2nd CSNI Specialist Meeting on Simulators and Plant Analysers",

address = "Finland",

note = "2nd CSNI Specialist Meeting on Simulators and Plant Analysers ; Conference date: 29-09-1997 Through 02-10-1997",

}