Evolution toward an open value system for smart mobility services: The case of Finland

Thomas R. Casey, Timo Ali-Vehmas, Ville Valovirta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    The markets around transport and mobility are undergoing significant changes. One of the central drivers for these changes is the deployment of information and communications technology throughout the transport system, which in turn enables a wide range of smart mobility services. At the moment, however, smart mobility services are rather fragmented and work in isolated silos. A key issue in future development is how these isolated systems will become interconnected and in general more open. In this article, we apply the framework introduced by Ali-Vehmas and Casey (2012) to model how the evolution toward an open value system for smart mobility services could occur in Finland. In particular, we apply analogies from the emergence of GSM-based mobile networks and the Internet where the former has followed a more centralized path and the latter a more decentralized path.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)44-70
    JournalCompetition and Regulation in Network Industries
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Interoperability
    • Mobility-as-a-service
    • Smart mobility
    • Value system


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