Ex-situ experimental benchmarking of solid oxide fuel cell metal interconnects

Manuel Bianco (Corresponding Author), J. Tallgren, Jong Eun Hong, Shicai Yang, Olli Himanen, J. Mikkola, Jan Van herle, Robert Steinberger-Wilckens

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert hydrocarbon fuels, such as methane, into heat and electricity with a high conversion efficiency. The fuel flexibility of the SOFC derives from the high operating temperature (600-900 °C). Such a high temperature stresses the materials used in the SOFC stacks, notably the metals constituting the interconnect (IC). Research centres developed in last twenty years specific alloys and coatings compositions. This led to a vast literature production of solutions to mitigate the degradation of the metals used in SOFC stacks. Unfortunately, the testing method and conditions change from one laboratory to another making the comparison of the results often impossible. This article compares systematically more than sixty different solutions to limit the degradation in the IC. The samples differed for the steel composition, the coating deposition technique, and the coating composition. A modified 4-probe technique and SEM/EDS post-test characterization measure the area specific resistance and chromium retention of the samples. Testing results indicate that i) deposition technique is the most relevant parameter, ii) in presence of coatings, the performances are independent of the type of ferritic stainless steel substrate iii) nitriding helps to limit the outward chromium diffusion in case of porous coatings.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number226900
    JournalJournal of Power Sources
    Volume437
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Benchmarking
    solid oxide fuel cells
    Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
    Metals
    coatings
    Coatings
    metals
    Chromium
    chromium
    Chemical analysis
    degradation
    ferritic stainless steels
    hydrocarbon fuels
    Degradation
    nitriding
    Steel
    Nitriding
    Stainless Steel
    Methane
    Ferritic steel

    Keywords

    • Chromium poisoning
    • Corrosion evolution
    • Ferritic stainless
    • Interconnects
    • Protective coatings
    • Solid oxide fuel cell
    • Steels

    Cite this

    Bianco, Manuel ; Tallgren, J. ; Hong, Jong Eun ; Yang, Shicai ; Himanen, Olli ; Mikkola, J. ; Van herle, Jan ; Steinberger-Wilckens, Robert. / Ex-situ experimental benchmarking of solid oxide fuel cell metal interconnects. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2019 ; Vol. 437.
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    abstract = "Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert hydrocarbon fuels, such as methane, into heat and electricity with a high conversion efficiency. The fuel flexibility of the SOFC derives from the high operating temperature (600-900 °C). Such a high temperature stresses the materials used in the SOFC stacks, notably the metals constituting the interconnect (IC). Research centres developed in last twenty years specific alloys and coatings compositions. This led to a vast literature production of solutions to mitigate the degradation of the metals used in SOFC stacks. Unfortunately, the testing method and conditions change from one laboratory to another making the comparison of the results often impossible. This article compares systematically more than sixty different solutions to limit the degradation in the IC. The samples differed for the steel composition, the coating deposition technique, and the coating composition. A modified 4-probe technique and SEM/EDS post-test characterization measure the area specific resistance and chromium retention of the samples. Testing results indicate that i) deposition technique is the most relevant parameter, ii) in presence of coatings, the performances are independent of the type of ferritic stainless steel substrate iii) nitriding helps to limit the outward chromium diffusion in case of porous coatings.",
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    Ex-situ experimental benchmarking of solid oxide fuel cell metal interconnects. / Bianco, Manuel (Corresponding Author); Tallgren, J.; Hong, Jong Eun; Yang, Shicai; Himanen, Olli; Mikkola, J.; Van herle, Jan; Steinberger-Wilckens, Robert.

    In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 437, 226900, 10.2019.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    AU - Steinberger-Wilckens, Robert

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