Excellence and growth dynamics

A comparative study of the Matthew effect

Liv Langfeldt (Corresponding Author), Mats Benner, Gunnar Sivertsen, Ernst H. Kristiansen, Dag W. Aksnes, Siri Brorstad Borlaug, Hanne Foss Hansen, Egil Kallerud, Antti Pelkonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-675
JournalScience and Public Policy
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

grant
comparative study
resource
prestige
resources
visibility
stratification
funding
science
effect
rate

Keywords

  • centres of excellence
  • impact of funding instruments
  • cumulative advantages
  • Nordic countries

Cite this

Langfeldt, L., Benner, M., Sivertsen, G., Kristiansen, E. H., Aksnes, D. W., Brorstad Borlaug, S., ... Pelkonen, A. (2015). Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect. Science and Public Policy, 42(5), 661-675. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu083
Langfeldt, Liv ; Benner, Mats ; Sivertsen, Gunnar ; Kristiansen, Ernst H. ; Aksnes, Dag W. ; Brorstad Borlaug, Siri ; Foss Hansen, Hanne ; Kallerud, Egil ; Pelkonen, Antti. / Excellence and growth dynamics : A comparative study of the Matthew effect. In: Science and Public Policy. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 5. pp. 661-675.
@article{2427f0e4692245fcbc146e5e958f71a1,
title = "Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect",
abstract = "In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.",
keywords = "centres of excellence, impact of funding instruments, cumulative advantages, Nordic countries",
author = "Liv Langfeldt and Mats Benner and Gunnar Sivertsen and Kristiansen, {Ernst H.} and Aksnes, {Dag W.} and {Brorstad Borlaug}, Siri and {Foss Hansen}, Hanne and Egil Kallerud and Antti Pelkonen",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1093/scipol/scu083",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "661--675",
journal = "Science and Public Policy",
issn = "0302-3427",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

Langfeldt, L, Benner, M, Sivertsen, G, Kristiansen, EH, Aksnes, DW, Brorstad Borlaug, S, Foss Hansen, H, Kallerud, E & Pelkonen, A 2015, 'Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect', Science and Public Policy, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 661-675. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu083

Excellence and growth dynamics : A comparative study of the Matthew effect. / Langfeldt, Liv (Corresponding Author); Benner, Mats; Sivertsen, Gunnar; Kristiansen, Ernst H.; Aksnes, Dag W.; Brorstad Borlaug, Siri; Foss Hansen, Hanne; Kallerud, Egil; Pelkonen, Antti.

In: Science and Public Policy, Vol. 42, No. 5, 2015, p. 661-675.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Excellence and growth dynamics

T2 - A comparative study of the Matthew effect

AU - Langfeldt, Liv

AU - Benner, Mats

AU - Sivertsen, Gunnar

AU - Kristiansen, Ernst H.

AU - Aksnes, Dag W.

AU - Brorstad Borlaug, Siri

AU - Foss Hansen, Hanne

AU - Kallerud, Egil

AU - Pelkonen, Antti

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.

AB - In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.

KW - centres of excellence

KW - impact of funding instruments

KW - cumulative advantages

KW - Nordic countries

U2 - 10.1093/scipol/scu083

DO - 10.1093/scipol/scu083

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 661

EP - 675

JO - Science and Public Policy

JF - Science and Public Policy

SN - 0302-3427

IS - 5

ER -

Langfeldt L, Benner M, Sivertsen G, Kristiansen EH, Aksnes DW, Brorstad Borlaug S et al. Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect. Science and Public Policy. 2015;42(5):661-675. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu083