Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect

Liv Langfeldt (Corresponding Author), Mats Benner, Gunnar Sivertsen, Ernst H. Kristiansen, Dag W. Aksnes, Siri Brorstad Borlaug, Hanne Foss Hansen, Egil Kallerud, Antti Pelkonen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)661-675
    JournalScience and Public Policy
    Volume42
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    grant
    comparative study
    resource
    prestige
    resources
    visibility
    stratification
    funding
    science
    effect
    rate

    Keywords

    • centres of excellence
    • impact of funding instruments
    • cumulative advantages
    • Nordic countries

    Cite this

    Langfeldt, L., Benner, M., Sivertsen, G., Kristiansen, E. H., Aksnes, D. W., Brorstad Borlaug, S., ... Pelkonen, A. (2015). Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect. Science and Public Policy, 42(5), 661-675. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu083
    Langfeldt, Liv ; Benner, Mats ; Sivertsen, Gunnar ; Kristiansen, Ernst H. ; Aksnes, Dag W. ; Brorstad Borlaug, Siri ; Foss Hansen, Hanne ; Kallerud, Egil ; Pelkonen, Antti. / Excellence and growth dynamics : A comparative study of the Matthew effect. In: Science and Public Policy. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 5. pp. 661-675.
    @article{2427f0e4692245fcbc146e5e958f71a1,
    title = "Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect",
    abstract = "In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.",
    keywords = "centres of excellence, impact of funding instruments, cumulative advantages, Nordic countries",
    author = "Liv Langfeldt and Mats Benner and Gunnar Sivertsen and Kristiansen, {Ernst H.} and Aksnes, {Dag W.} and {Brorstad Borlaug}, Siri and {Foss Hansen}, Hanne and Egil Kallerud and Antti Pelkonen",
    year = "2015",
    doi = "10.1093/scipol/scu083",
    language = "English",
    volume = "42",
    pages = "661--675",
    journal = "Science and Public Policy",
    issn = "0302-3427",
    publisher = "Oxford University Press",
    number = "5",

    }

    Langfeldt, L, Benner, M, Sivertsen, G, Kristiansen, EH, Aksnes, DW, Brorstad Borlaug, S, Foss Hansen, H, Kallerud, E & Pelkonen, A 2015, 'Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect', Science and Public Policy, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 661-675. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu083

    Excellence and growth dynamics : A comparative study of the Matthew effect. / Langfeldt, Liv (Corresponding Author); Benner, Mats; Sivertsen, Gunnar; Kristiansen, Ernst H.; Aksnes, Dag W.; Brorstad Borlaug, Siri; Foss Hansen, Hanne; Kallerud, Egil; Pelkonen, Antti.

    In: Science and Public Policy, Vol. 42, No. 5, 2015, p. 661-675.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Excellence and growth dynamics

    T2 - A comparative study of the Matthew effect

    AU - Langfeldt, Liv

    AU - Benner, Mats

    AU - Sivertsen, Gunnar

    AU - Kristiansen, Ernst H.

    AU - Aksnes, Dag W.

    AU - Brorstad Borlaug, Siri

    AU - Foss Hansen, Hanne

    AU - Kallerud, Egil

    AU - Pelkonen, Antti

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.

    AB - In the past two decades, centres of excellence (CoE) and other 'research excellence initiatives' likely to increase the cumulative advantages and stratification of science, have been implemented in many countries. Based on empirical studies of CoE in four Nordic countries, this paper examines how the resources provided by CoE schemes (generous long-term funding, prestige and visibility) add to the success and growth dynamics of the CoE. The data indicate a modified Matthew effect with ceilings and limits avoiding excessive accumulation of resources. Important impacts of the CoE are found, in particular in terms of enabling more interdisciplinary collaboration and risk-taking and enhancing international recruitment to the research areas involved. But, in contrast to what might be expected, the CoE grant seem to add less to the relative citation rate of those already performing at the highest level, than for those performing at a somewhat lower level prior to the CoE grant.

    KW - centres of excellence

    KW - impact of funding instruments

    KW - cumulative advantages

    KW - Nordic countries

    U2 - 10.1093/scipol/scu083

    DO - 10.1093/scipol/scu083

    M3 - Article

    VL - 42

    SP - 661

    EP - 675

    JO - Science and Public Policy

    JF - Science and Public Policy

    SN - 0302-3427

    IS - 5

    ER -

    Langfeldt L, Benner M, Sivertsen G, Kristiansen EH, Aksnes DW, Brorstad Borlaug S et al. Excellence and growth dynamics: A comparative study of the Matthew effect. Science and Public Policy. 2015;42(5):661-675. https://doi.org/10.1093/scipol/scu083