Exhaust emissions in cold ambient conditions: considerations for a European test procedure

Juhani Laurikko, Lennart Erlandsson, Reino Abrahamsson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)


    Motor vehicles are seldom used in ambient conditions like those defined in current emission regulations. For example, most of the year average temperatures across Europe fall much below the range of legislative testing. Furthermore, it has been widely demonstrated that cold-starts at low ambient temperature increase the emissions. Therefore, there is a growing need to broaden the range of legislative emissions tests and set a separate low-ambient test with respective emission standards.
    This paper gives emissions test results form a joint research programme between Sweden and Finland. Altogether 11 late model gasoline-fueled TWC vehicles were tested at ambient temperatures of +22 and -7 °C using a variety of different driving cycles. Apart from the driving schedule, other test parameters like vehicle preconditioning, manual vs. automatic transmission and the effect of external cooling were studied and discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages11
    JournalSAE Technical Paper Series
    Issue number950929
    Publication statusPublished - 1995
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
    EventSAE International Congress & Exposition 1995 - Detroit, United States
    Duration: 27 Feb 19952 Mar 1995


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