Experience from wind integration in some high penetration

L. Söder, L. Hofmann, A. Orths, Hannele Holttinen, Y.-H. Wan, A. Tuohy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

141 Citations (Scopus)


The amount of wind power in the world is increasing quickly. The background for this development is improved technology, decreased costs for the units, and increased concern regarding environmental problems of competing technologies such as fossil fuels.
The amount of wind power is not spread equally over the world, so in some areas, there is comparatively a high concentration.
The aims of this paper are to overview some of these areas, and briefly describe consequences of the increase in wind power. The aim is also to try to draw some generic conclusions, in order to get some estimation about what will happen when the amount of wind power increases for other regions where wind power penetration is expected to reach high values in future
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • wind power
  • wind energy
  • wind variations


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