Experiences on biomass cofiring in Finland. Biomass, a growth opportunity in green energy and value-added products

Satu Helynen

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific


    The largest consumption of biomass-based fuels occurs in the chemical forest industry, which in 1997 covered 69% of its fuel demand by wood based fuels from its own processes and 7% with peat and other wood fuels.The forest indusry's share of biomass-based fuels consumtion (7 Mtoe) in the whole country was slightly over 60%.The other large consumers of biomass are district heating and other process industries.Wood fuels include in Finland forestry fuels, industrial by-products and recycled wood fuels.Competitiveness of forestry fuels (branches, crown mass, small diameter trees and other low-quality small trees unsuited for industrial processing, by-products of commercial logging, and pre-commercial thinnings of forests) has improved significantly and the use of forestry fuels is increasing rapidly.Biomass is very seldom the only fuel of the boiler because of the limited resources but they are typically co-fired with coal, peat, sludges and other waste fractions.The capacity of wood-based power generation is more than 1000 MW in cogeneration plants.Technical concepts are described and long-term experience on co-combustion of wood in fluidized bed boilers of cogeneration plants are presented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th Biomass Conference of the Americas
    Subtitle of host publicationBiomass, A Growth Opportunity in Green Energy and Value-added Products
    Place of PublicationOakland, USA
    PublisherPergamon Press
    ISBN (Print)978-008-043-019-5
    Publication statusPublished - 1999
    MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed article in conference proceedings
    Event4th Biomass Conference of the Americas - Oakland, United States
    Duration: 29 Aug 19992 Sept 1999


    Conference4th Biomass Conference of the Americas
    Country/TerritoryUnited States


    • biomass
    • bioenergy
    • biofuels
    • combustion
    • cofiring
    • Finland
    • energy production
    • power generation
    • electric power
    • power plants


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