Experimental and Calphad Methods for Evaluating Residual Stresses and Solid-State Shrinkage after Solidification

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Abstract

Laser powder bed fusion is an additive manufacturing method that is based on melting and solidification of powder material. Due to the local heating above the melting point, thermal stresses are usually formed in the final part. Mitigation of residual stresses is usually assessed by laser scan strategies and not by alloy tailoring. In this paper a segregation-based residual stress formation mechanism is proposed and assessed computationally. Additionally, an experimental setup for rapid screening of residual stress formation in various alloys is proposed. The results should ease material development of metal alloys tailored for additive manufacturing by allowing the comparison of residual stress formation tendency (e.g., solid state shrinkage) between alloys. The proposed computational method is comparative in nature and forecasting absolute residual stress values would require known temperature dependent elastoplastic properties for the alloys as well as exact thermal history. The proposed experimental method is quantitative but its reliability depends on material properties such as yield strength.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1894
JournalMetals
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • additive manufacturing
  • residual stress
  • segregation
  • thermal expansion

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