Experimental and modelling studies of iodine oxide formation and aerosol behaviour relevant to nuclear reactor accidents

S. Dickinson (Corresponding Author), Ari Auvinen, Y. Ammar, L. Bosland, B. Clement, F. Funke, G. Glowa, Teemu Kärkelä, D.A. Powers, S. Tietze, G. Weber, S. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant assessments have shown that iodine contributes significantly to the source term for a range of accident scenarios. Iodine has a complex chemistry that determines its chemical form and, consequently, its volatility in the containment. If volatile iodine species are formed by reactions in the containment, they will be subject to radiolytic reactions in the atmosphere, resulting in the conversion of the gaseous species into involatile iodine oxides, which may deposit on surfaces or re-dissolve in water pools. The concentration of airborne iodine in the containment will, therefore, be determined by the balance between the reactions contributing to the formation and destruction of volatile species, as well as by the physico-chemical properties of the iodine oxide aerosols which will influence their longevity in the atmosphere. This paper summarises the work that has been done in the framework of the EC SARNET (Severe Accident Research Network) to develop a greater understanding of the reactions of gaseous iodine species in irradiated air/steam atmospheres, and the nature and behaviour of the reaction products. This work has mainly been focussed on investigating the nature and behaviour of iodine oxide aerosols, but earlier work by members of the SARNET group on gaseous reaction rates is also discussed to place the more recent work into context.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-207
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Energy
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed
Event6th European Review meeting on Severe Accident Research, ERMSAR-2013 - Avignon, France
Duration: 2 Oct 20134 Oct 2013
Conference number: 6

Fingerprint

Nuclear reactor accidents
Iodine
Aerosols
Oxides
Accidents
Reaction products
Chemical properties
Reaction rates
Steam
Deposits

Keywords

  • iodine
  • severe accidents
  • radiation
  • iodine oxide
  • methyl iodine
  • aerosol

Cite this

Dickinson, S. ; Auvinen, Ari ; Ammar, Y. ; Bosland, L. ; Clement, B. ; Funke, F. ; Glowa, G. ; Kärkelä, Teemu ; Powers, D.A. ; Tietze, S. ; Weber, G. ; Zhang, S. / Experimental and modelling studies of iodine oxide formation and aerosol behaviour relevant to nuclear reactor accidents. In: Annals of Nuclear Energy. 2014 ; Vol. 74. pp. 200-207.
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title = "Experimental and modelling studies of iodine oxide formation and aerosol behaviour relevant to nuclear reactor accidents",
abstract = "Plant assessments have shown that iodine contributes significantly to the source term for a range of accident scenarios. Iodine has a complex chemistry that determines its chemical form and, consequently, its volatility in the containment. If volatile iodine species are formed by reactions in the containment, they will be subject to radiolytic reactions in the atmosphere, resulting in the conversion of the gaseous species into involatile iodine oxides, which may deposit on surfaces or re-dissolve in water pools. The concentration of airborne iodine in the containment will, therefore, be determined by the balance between the reactions contributing to the formation and destruction of volatile species, as well as by the physico-chemical properties of the iodine oxide aerosols which will influence their longevity in the atmosphere. This paper summarises the work that has been done in the framework of the EC SARNET (Severe Accident Research Network) to develop a greater understanding of the reactions of gaseous iodine species in irradiated air/steam atmospheres, and the nature and behaviour of the reaction products. This work has mainly been focussed on investigating the nature and behaviour of iodine oxide aerosols, but earlier work by members of the SARNET group on gaseous reaction rates is also discussed to place the more recent work into context.",
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Dickinson, S, Auvinen, A, Ammar, Y, Bosland, L, Clement, B, Funke, F, Glowa, G, Kärkelä, T, Powers, DA, Tietze, S, Weber, G & Zhang, S 2014, 'Experimental and modelling studies of iodine oxide formation and aerosol behaviour relevant to nuclear reactor accidents', Annals of Nuclear Energy, vol. 74, pp. 200-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anucene.2014.05.012

Experimental and modelling studies of iodine oxide formation and aerosol behaviour relevant to nuclear reactor accidents. / Dickinson, S. (Corresponding Author); Auvinen, Ari; Ammar, Y.; Bosland, L.; Clement, B.; Funke, F.; Glowa, G.; Kärkelä, Teemu; Powers, D.A.; Tietze, S.; Weber, G.; Zhang, S.

In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, Vol. 74, 2014, p. 200-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental and modelling studies of iodine oxide formation and aerosol behaviour relevant to nuclear reactor accidents

AU - Dickinson, S.

AU - Auvinen, Ari

AU - Ammar, Y.

AU - Bosland, L.

AU - Clement, B.

AU - Funke, F.

AU - Glowa, G.

AU - Kärkelä, Teemu

AU - Powers, D.A.

AU - Tietze, S.

AU - Weber, G.

AU - Zhang, S.

N1 - Project code: TRAFI 77652

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Plant assessments have shown that iodine contributes significantly to the source term for a range of accident scenarios. Iodine has a complex chemistry that determines its chemical form and, consequently, its volatility in the containment. If volatile iodine species are formed by reactions in the containment, they will be subject to radiolytic reactions in the atmosphere, resulting in the conversion of the gaseous species into involatile iodine oxides, which may deposit on surfaces or re-dissolve in water pools. The concentration of airborne iodine in the containment will, therefore, be determined by the balance between the reactions contributing to the formation and destruction of volatile species, as well as by the physico-chemical properties of the iodine oxide aerosols which will influence their longevity in the atmosphere. This paper summarises the work that has been done in the framework of the EC SARNET (Severe Accident Research Network) to develop a greater understanding of the reactions of gaseous iodine species in irradiated air/steam atmospheres, and the nature and behaviour of the reaction products. This work has mainly been focussed on investigating the nature and behaviour of iodine oxide aerosols, but earlier work by members of the SARNET group on gaseous reaction rates is also discussed to place the more recent work into context.

AB - Plant assessments have shown that iodine contributes significantly to the source term for a range of accident scenarios. Iodine has a complex chemistry that determines its chemical form and, consequently, its volatility in the containment. If volatile iodine species are formed by reactions in the containment, they will be subject to radiolytic reactions in the atmosphere, resulting in the conversion of the gaseous species into involatile iodine oxides, which may deposit on surfaces or re-dissolve in water pools. The concentration of airborne iodine in the containment will, therefore, be determined by the balance between the reactions contributing to the formation and destruction of volatile species, as well as by the physico-chemical properties of the iodine oxide aerosols which will influence their longevity in the atmosphere. This paper summarises the work that has been done in the framework of the EC SARNET (Severe Accident Research Network) to develop a greater understanding of the reactions of gaseous iodine species in irradiated air/steam atmospheres, and the nature and behaviour of the reaction products. This work has mainly been focussed on investigating the nature and behaviour of iodine oxide aerosols, but earlier work by members of the SARNET group on gaseous reaction rates is also discussed to place the more recent work into context.

KW - iodine

KW - severe accidents

KW - radiation

KW - iodine oxide

KW - methyl iodine

KW - aerosol

UR - https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/annals-of-nuclear-energy/vol/74/suppl/C

U2 - 10.1016/j.anucene.2014.05.012

DO - 10.1016/j.anucene.2014.05.012

M3 - Article

VL - 74

SP - 200

EP - 207

JO - Annals of Nuclear Energy

JF - Annals of Nuclear Energy

SN - 0306-4549

ER -