We present experimental investigations and numerical simulations of a pseudo-2D riser. Experiments were performed for various airflow rates, particle types/diameters, and particle size distributions. Pressure distributions along the wall of the riser were measured. Additional measurements from a smaller pseudo-2D riser (Kallio et al., 2009; Shah et al., 2012) were used to analyze horizontal solids volume fraction profiles. The experimental data were compared with simulation results carried out using an Euler-Euler approach. A mesh sensitivity study was conducted for numerical simulations and effects associated with simplifying real 3D geometry to a 2D model were examined. In addition, the effect of using an algebraic equation to represent the granular temperature versus a full partial differential equation also was examined for numerical simulations. Results showed small but significant near-wall sensitivity of the flow variables to mesh size. Substantial differences in mean pressure, solids distribution, and solid velocities were obtained, when 2D and 3D simulation results were compared. Finally, applying the simplified granular temperature equation for turbulent fluidization and for dilute-phase transport can lead to incorrect predictions in models.
- circulating fluidized bed
- Euler-Euler approach
- gas-solid flow
- kinetic theory of granular flow
- particle size distribution
- 2D vs 3D
Klimanek, A., Adamczyk, W., Kallio, S., Kozolub, P., Wecel, G., & Szlek, A. (2016). Experimental and numerical study of pseudo-2D circulating fluidized beds. Particuology, 29, 48-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.partic.2015.09.009