Experimental Study of the Localized Room Fires: NFSC2 Test Series

Simo Hostikka, Matti Kokkala, Jukka Vaari

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

    Abstract

    Two series of full scale fire tests have been carried out with an objective to produce well-documented data for the zone model and CFD code verification. The first test series consisted of 21 tests in 10 x 7 x 5 m3 test enclosure with 2.4 x 3.0 m2 to ambient. The walls and ceiling were made of light weight concrete. Systematic variations of the fire size and locations were made to determine their effect on the fire environment. Burning rates, gas temperatures, wall temperatures, heat fluxes, flow velocities and species concentrations were measured during the tests. The second series consisted of eight tests in a 27 x 13 x 19 m3 test hall. Burning rates, gas temperatures and steel tube temperatures were measured to provide information about the smoke filling rate and heating of the steel structures. The boundary conditions were varied by changing the fire size and using mechanical exhaust of the smoke gas and open doors to ambient.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationEspoo
    PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
    Number of pages98
    ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5838-3
    ISBN (Print)951-38-5837-5
    Publication statusPublished - 2001
    MoE publication typeNot Eligible

    Publication series

    SeriesVTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes
    Number2104
    ISSN1235-0605

    Fingerprint

    Fires
    Smoke
    Gases
    Temperature
    Ceilings
    Steel structures
    Enclosures
    Flow velocity
    Heat flux
    Computational fluid dynamics
    Boundary conditions
    Concretes
    Heating
    Steel

    Keywords

    • fire tests
    • room fires
    • experimentation
    • fire safety
    • fire prevention
    • concrete structures
    • walls
    • ceilings
    • burning rate
    • gas temperature
    • heat flow

    Cite this

    Hostikka, S., Kokkala, M., & Vaari, J. (2001). Experimental Study of the Localized Room Fires: NFSC2 Test Series. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, No. 2104
    Hostikka, Simo ; Kokkala, Matti ; Vaari, Jukka. / Experimental Study of the Localized Room Fires : NFSC2 Test Series. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. 98 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2104).
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    abstract = "Two series of full scale fire tests have been carried out with an objective to produce well-documented data for the zone model and CFD code verification. The first test series consisted of 21 tests in 10 x 7 x 5 m3 test enclosure with 2.4 x 3.0 m2 to ambient. The walls and ceiling were made of light weight concrete. Systematic variations of the fire size and locations were made to determine their effect on the fire environment. Burning rates, gas temperatures, wall temperatures, heat fluxes, flow velocities and species concentrations were measured during the tests. The second series consisted of eight tests in a 27 x 13 x 19 m3 test hall. Burning rates, gas temperatures and steel tube temperatures were measured to provide information about the smoke filling rate and heating of the steel structures. The boundary conditions were varied by changing the fire size and using mechanical exhaust of the smoke gas and open doors to ambient.",
    keywords = "fire tests, room fires, experimentation, fire safety, fire prevention, concrete structures, walls, ceilings, burning rate, gas temperature, heat flow",
    author = "Simo Hostikka and Matti Kokkala and Jukka Vaari",
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    Hostikka, S, Kokkala, M & Vaari, J 2001, Experimental Study of the Localized Room Fires: NFSC2 Test Series. VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes, no. 2104, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

    Experimental Study of the Localized Room Fires : NFSC2 Test Series. / Hostikka, Simo; Kokkala, Matti; Vaari, Jukka.

    Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. 98 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2104).

    Research output: Book/ReportReport

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    KW - fire tests

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    KW - fire prevention

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    KW - walls

    KW - ceilings

    KW - burning rate

    KW - gas temperature

    KW - heat flow

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    Hostikka S, Kokkala M, Vaari J. Experimental Study of the Localized Room Fires: NFSC2 Test Series. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2001. 98 p. (VTT Tiedotteita - Meddelanden - Research Notes; No. 2104).