Experimental study on the basic phenomena of shrinkage and cracking of fresh mortar

Anna Kronlöf, Markku Leivo, Pekka Sipari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    63 Citations (Scopus)


    Evaporation, horizontal shrinkage, settlement, setting and capillary pressure of mortar mixes were measured during first hours with samples which were exposured to wind (velocity 4 m/s, T = 20 °C and RH 40%). The effects of different admixtures (super plasticizer, accelerating, retarding, air-entraining agent and one type of fibre) on the shrinking behaviour of the mortars were studied accordingly.
    The well-known fact that proper long-term wet curing is vital for the crack-free surfaces of concrete or mortar was confirmed experimentally. The beginning of setting can be regarded as a critical moment. After that the mortar has capacity to resist the capillary forces and thus shrinkage. The mix modified by super plasticizer behaved unexpectedly, and the surface of the sample cracked. This cracking was indicated by zig-zag behaviour in the measured horizontal shrinkage and capillary pressure.
    Air- entraining agent reduced horizontal shrinkage considerably. Use of fibre reduced shrinkage about 30% when compared to mix without fibre. Based on the results some conclusions are drawn concerning properly limed trowelling on horizontal shrinkage.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1747-1754
    JournalCement and Concrete Research
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 1995
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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