Experimental study on the basic phenomena of shrinkage and cracking of fresh mortar

Anna Kronlöf, Markku Leivo, Pekka Sipari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    46 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Evaporation, horizontal shrinkage, settlement, setting and capillary pressure of mortar mixes were measured during first hours with samples which were exposured to wind (velocity 4 m/s, T = 20 °C and RH 40%). The effects of different admixtures (super plasticizer, accelerating, retarding, air-entraining agent and one type of fibre) on the shrinking behaviour of the mortars were studied accordingly.
    The well-known fact that proper long-term wet curing is vital for the crack-free surfaces of concrete or mortar was confirmed experimentally. The beginning of setting can be regarded as a critical moment. After that the mortar has capacity to resist the capillary forces and thus shrinkage. The mix modified by super plasticizer behaved unexpectedly, and the surface of the sample cracked. This cracking was indicated by zig-zag behaviour in the measured horizontal shrinkage and capillary pressure.
    Air- entraining agent reduced horizontal shrinkage considerably. Use of fibre reduced shrinkage about 30% when compared to mix without fibre. Based on the results some conclusions are drawn concerning properly limed trowelling on horizontal shrinkage.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1747-1754
    JournalCement and Concrete Research
    Volume25
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1995
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Mortar
    Plasticizers
    Capillarity
    Fibers
    Air
    Curing
    Evaporation
    Concretes
    Cracks

    Cite this

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    title = "Experimental study on the basic phenomena of shrinkage and cracking of fresh mortar",
    abstract = "Evaporation, horizontal shrinkage, settlement, setting and capillary pressure of mortar mixes were measured during first hours with samples which were exposured to wind (velocity 4 m/s, T = 20 °C and RH 40{\%}). The effects of different admixtures (super plasticizer, accelerating, retarding, air-entraining agent and one type of fibre) on the shrinking behaviour of the mortars were studied accordingly. The well-known fact that proper long-term wet curing is vital for the crack-free surfaces of concrete or mortar was confirmed experimentally. The beginning of setting can be regarded as a critical moment. After that the mortar has capacity to resist the capillary forces and thus shrinkage. The mix modified by super plasticizer behaved unexpectedly, and the surface of the sample cracked. This cracking was indicated by zig-zag behaviour in the measured horizontal shrinkage and capillary pressure. Air- entraining agent reduced horizontal shrinkage considerably. Use of fibre reduced shrinkage about 30{\%} when compared to mix without fibre. Based on the results some conclusions are drawn concerning properly limed trowelling on horizontal shrinkage.",
    author = "Anna Kronl{\"o}f and Markku Leivo and Pekka Sipari",
    year = "1995",
    doi = "10.1016/0008-8846(95)00170-0",
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    volume = "25",
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    journal = "Cement and Concrete Research",
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    Experimental study on the basic phenomena of shrinkage and cracking of fresh mortar. / Kronlöf, Anna; Leivo, Markku; Sipari, Pekka.

    In: Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 25, No. 8, 1995, p. 1747-1754.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Experimental study on the basic phenomena of shrinkage and cracking of fresh mortar

    AU - Kronlöf, Anna

    AU - Leivo, Markku

    AU - Sipari, Pekka

    PY - 1995

    Y1 - 1995

    N2 - Evaporation, horizontal shrinkage, settlement, setting and capillary pressure of mortar mixes were measured during first hours with samples which were exposured to wind (velocity 4 m/s, T = 20 °C and RH 40%). The effects of different admixtures (super plasticizer, accelerating, retarding, air-entraining agent and one type of fibre) on the shrinking behaviour of the mortars were studied accordingly. The well-known fact that proper long-term wet curing is vital for the crack-free surfaces of concrete or mortar was confirmed experimentally. The beginning of setting can be regarded as a critical moment. After that the mortar has capacity to resist the capillary forces and thus shrinkage. The mix modified by super plasticizer behaved unexpectedly, and the surface of the sample cracked. This cracking was indicated by zig-zag behaviour in the measured horizontal shrinkage and capillary pressure. Air- entraining agent reduced horizontal shrinkage considerably. Use of fibre reduced shrinkage about 30% when compared to mix without fibre. Based on the results some conclusions are drawn concerning properly limed trowelling on horizontal shrinkage.

    AB - Evaporation, horizontal shrinkage, settlement, setting and capillary pressure of mortar mixes were measured during first hours with samples which were exposured to wind (velocity 4 m/s, T = 20 °C and RH 40%). The effects of different admixtures (super plasticizer, accelerating, retarding, air-entraining agent and one type of fibre) on the shrinking behaviour of the mortars were studied accordingly. The well-known fact that proper long-term wet curing is vital for the crack-free surfaces of concrete or mortar was confirmed experimentally. The beginning of setting can be regarded as a critical moment. After that the mortar has capacity to resist the capillary forces and thus shrinkage. The mix modified by super plasticizer behaved unexpectedly, and the surface of the sample cracked. This cracking was indicated by zig-zag behaviour in the measured horizontal shrinkage and capillary pressure. Air- entraining agent reduced horizontal shrinkage considerably. Use of fibre reduced shrinkage about 30% when compared to mix without fibre. Based on the results some conclusions are drawn concerning properly limed trowelling on horizontal shrinkage.

    U2 - 10.1016/0008-8846(95)00170-0

    DO - 10.1016/0008-8846(95)00170-0

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    EP - 1754

    JO - Cement and Concrete Research

    JF - Cement and Concrete Research

    SN - 0008-8846

    IS - 8

    ER -