In a wide variety of natural and laboratory magnetized plasmas, filaments appear as a result of interchange instability. These convective structures substantially enhance transport in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field. According to filament models, their propagation may follow different regimes depending on the parallel closure of charge conservation. This is of paramount importance in magnetic fusion plasmas, as high collisionality in the scrape-off layer may trigger a regime transition leading to strongly enhanced perpendicular particle fluxes. This work reports for the first time on an experimental verification of this process, linking enhanced transport with a regime transition as predicted by models. Based on these results, a novel scaling for global perpendicular particle transport in reactor relevant tokamaks such as ASDEX-Upgrade and JET is found, leading to important implications for next generation fusion devices.
Carralero, D., Manz, P., Aho-Mantila, L., Birkenmeier, G., Brix, M., Groth, M., Müller, H. W., Stroth, U., Vianello, N., & Wolfrun, E. (2015). Experimental validation of a filament transport model in turbulent magnetized plasmas. Physical Review Letters, 115(21), . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.115.215002