Experiments on friction of dry and wet ice

Maria Tikanmäki (Corresponding Author), Panu Sainio

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    Experiments on ice-on-ice friction both with and without water on the ice surface are presented. The experiments were conducted at −9.4 °C on dry ice and at −2.8 °C on both wet and dry ice. The sliding speed was varied between 6 and 105 mm/s. The effect of abrasion of ice surfaces was found to be an important phenomenon regarding the friction coefficient. Related to abrasion, the friction coefficient increased significantly in repetitive experiments especially at warm temperature. Adding water on the ice surface had only a minor effect on the friction coefficient at sliding speed above 10 mm/s. However, at lower speeds, the friction coefficient on wet ice was significantly higher than on dry ice.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number102990
    JournalCold Regions Science and Technology
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    This work was funded by the Academy of Finland, Grants no. 268829 and 297278.


    • ice
    • friction
    • sliding
    • wet ice


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