Expert identify construct in analysis prerequisites for expertise development: A case study of nuclear power plant operators on-the-job training

Maaria Nuutinen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article discusses how shifting the focus of research to the emotional side of human actions and cognition could create new perspectives on the problem of how to support the human operator in the control of rare disturbances. A new construct, Expert Identity, is described. A qualitative study of the specific problems with changing the operator generation at a nuclear power plant is presented. The results indicate that the current identity of the trainees is more or less still one of the trainees. The conceived demands of operator work and the perceived learning opportunities are characterised by a dichotomy: disturbances or other exceptional situations emerge as different from daily work. The key challenge and motive for the trainees in the development of expertise is to achieve not only an adequate degree of competence but also to construct confidence in being able to cope with potential disturbance situations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288 - 305
Number of pages8
JournalCognition, Technology and Work
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Nuclear power plants
Expertise
Nuclear Power
Operator
Qualitative Study
Cognition
Emotion
Perceived Learning
Human Action
Dichotomy
Confidence

Keywords

  • process control
  • emotions
  • expert identify
  • on-the-job training
  • work analysis
  • nuclear power plants

Cite this

@article{a93f87ce79934bce84565fd7ea94db6f,
title = "Expert identify construct in analysis prerequisites for expertise development: A case study of nuclear power plant operators on-the-job training",
abstract = "This article discusses how shifting the focus of research to the emotional side of human actions and cognition could create new perspectives on the problem of how to support the human operator in the control of rare disturbances. A new construct, Expert Identity, is described. A qualitative study of the specific problems with changing the operator generation at a nuclear power plant is presented. The results indicate that the current identity of the trainees is more or less still one of the trainees. The conceived demands of operator work and the perceived learning opportunities are characterised by a dichotomy: disturbances or other exceptional situations emerge as different from daily work. The key challenge and motive for the trainees in the development of expertise is to achieve not only an adequate degree of competence but also to construct confidence in being able to cope with potential disturbance situations.",
keywords = "process control, emotions, expert identify, on-the-job training, work analysis, nuclear power plants",
author = "Maaria Nuutinen",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1007/s10111-005-0013-9",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "288 -- 305",
journal = "Cognition, Technology and Work",
issn = "1435-5558",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expert identify construct in analysis prerequisites for expertise development

T2 - A case study of nuclear power plant operators on-the-job training

AU - Nuutinen, Maaria

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - This article discusses how shifting the focus of research to the emotional side of human actions and cognition could create new perspectives on the problem of how to support the human operator in the control of rare disturbances. A new construct, Expert Identity, is described. A qualitative study of the specific problems with changing the operator generation at a nuclear power plant is presented. The results indicate that the current identity of the trainees is more or less still one of the trainees. The conceived demands of operator work and the perceived learning opportunities are characterised by a dichotomy: disturbances or other exceptional situations emerge as different from daily work. The key challenge and motive for the trainees in the development of expertise is to achieve not only an adequate degree of competence but also to construct confidence in being able to cope with potential disturbance situations.

AB - This article discusses how shifting the focus of research to the emotional side of human actions and cognition could create new perspectives on the problem of how to support the human operator in the control of rare disturbances. A new construct, Expert Identity, is described. A qualitative study of the specific problems with changing the operator generation at a nuclear power plant is presented. The results indicate that the current identity of the trainees is more or less still one of the trainees. The conceived demands of operator work and the perceived learning opportunities are characterised by a dichotomy: disturbances or other exceptional situations emerge as different from daily work. The key challenge and motive for the trainees in the development of expertise is to achieve not only an adequate degree of competence but also to construct confidence in being able to cope with potential disturbance situations.

KW - process control

KW - emotions

KW - expert identify

KW - on-the-job training

KW - work analysis

KW - nuclear power plants

U2 - 10.1007/s10111-005-0013-9

DO - 10.1007/s10111-005-0013-9

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 288

EP - 305

JO - Cognition, Technology and Work

JF - Cognition, Technology and Work

SN - 1435-5558

IS - 4

ER -