Exploiting the optical quadratic nonlinearity of zinc-blende semiconductors for guided-wave terahertz generation: A material comparison

Matteo Cherchi, Alberto Taormina, Alessandro C. Busacca, Roberto L. Oliveri, Saverio Bivona, Alfonso C. Cino, Salvatore Stivala, Stefano Riva Sanseverino, Claudio Leone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a detailed analysis and comparison of dielectric waveguides made of CdTe, GaP, GaAs and InP for modal phase matched optical difference frequency generation (DFG) in the terahertz domain. From the form of the DFG equations, we derived the definition of a very general figure of merit (FOM). In turn, this FOM enabled us to compare different configurations, by taking into account linear and nonlinear susceptibility dispersion, terahertz absorption, and a rigorous evaluation of the waveguide modes properties. The most efficient waveguides found with this procedure are predicted to approach the quantum efficiency limit with input optical power in the order of kWs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-376
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Guided electromagnetic wave propagation
wave generation
figure of merit
Waveguides
Zinc
zinc
nonlinearity
Semiconductor materials
waveguides
Dielectric waveguides
dielectric waveguides
Quantum efficiency
quantum efficiency
magnetic permeability
evaluation
configurations

Keywords

  • Frequency conversion
  • Optical frequency conversion
  • Optical materials
  • Optical parametric amplifiers
  • Optical phase matching
  • Optical propagation in nonlinear media
  • Optical pulse generation
  • Optical waveguides
  • Semiconductor materials
  • Semiconductor waveguides
  • Terahertz generation

Cite this

Cherchi, Matteo ; Taormina, Alberto ; Busacca, Alessandro C. ; Oliveri, Roberto L. ; Bivona, Saverio ; Cino, Alfonso C. ; Stivala, Salvatore ; Sanseverino, Stefano Riva ; Leone, Claudio. / Exploiting the optical quadratic nonlinearity of zinc-blende semiconductors for guided-wave terahertz generation: A material comparison. In: IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics. 2010 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 368-376.
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title = "Exploiting the optical quadratic nonlinearity of zinc-blende semiconductors for guided-wave terahertz generation: A material comparison",
abstract = "We present a detailed analysis and comparison of dielectric waveguides made of CdTe, GaP, GaAs and InP for modal phase matched optical difference frequency generation (DFG) in the terahertz domain. From the form of the DFG equations, we derived the definition of a very general figure of merit (FOM). In turn, this FOM enabled us to compare different configurations, by taking into account linear and nonlinear susceptibility dispersion, terahertz absorption, and a rigorous evaluation of the waveguide modes properties. The most efficient waveguides found with this procedure are predicted to approach the quantum efficiency limit with input optical power in the order of kWs.",
keywords = "Frequency conversion, Optical frequency conversion, Optical materials, Optical parametric amplifiers, Optical phase matching, Optical propagation in nonlinear media, Optical pulse generation, Optical waveguides, Semiconductor materials, Semiconductor waveguides, Terahertz generation",
author = "Matteo Cherchi and Alberto Taormina and Busacca, {Alessandro C.} and Oliveri, {Roberto L.} and Saverio Bivona and Cino, {Alfonso C.} and Salvatore Stivala and Sanseverino, {Stefano Riva} and Claudio Leone",
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language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "368--376",
journal = "IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics",
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publisher = "IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers",
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Exploiting the optical quadratic nonlinearity of zinc-blende semiconductors for guided-wave terahertz generation: A material comparison. / Cherchi, Matteo; Taormina, Alberto; Busacca, Alessandro C.; Oliveri, Roberto L.; Bivona, Saverio; Cino, Alfonso C.; Stivala, Salvatore; Sanseverino, Stefano Riva; Leone, Claudio.

In: IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2010, p. 368-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploiting the optical quadratic nonlinearity of zinc-blende semiconductors for guided-wave terahertz generation: A material comparison

AU - Cherchi, Matteo

AU - Taormina, Alberto

AU - Busacca, Alessandro C.

AU - Oliveri, Roberto L.

AU - Bivona, Saverio

AU - Cino, Alfonso C.

AU - Stivala, Salvatore

AU - Sanseverino, Stefano Riva

AU - Leone, Claudio

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We present a detailed analysis and comparison of dielectric waveguides made of CdTe, GaP, GaAs and InP for modal phase matched optical difference frequency generation (DFG) in the terahertz domain. From the form of the DFG equations, we derived the definition of a very general figure of merit (FOM). In turn, this FOM enabled us to compare different configurations, by taking into account linear and nonlinear susceptibility dispersion, terahertz absorption, and a rigorous evaluation of the waveguide modes properties. The most efficient waveguides found with this procedure are predicted to approach the quantum efficiency limit with input optical power in the order of kWs.

AB - We present a detailed analysis and comparison of dielectric waveguides made of CdTe, GaP, GaAs and InP for modal phase matched optical difference frequency generation (DFG) in the terahertz domain. From the form of the DFG equations, we derived the definition of a very general figure of merit (FOM). In turn, this FOM enabled us to compare different configurations, by taking into account linear and nonlinear susceptibility dispersion, terahertz absorption, and a rigorous evaluation of the waveguide modes properties. The most efficient waveguides found with this procedure are predicted to approach the quantum efficiency limit with input optical power in the order of kWs.

KW - Frequency conversion

KW - Optical frequency conversion

KW - Optical materials

KW - Optical parametric amplifiers

KW - Optical phase matching

KW - Optical propagation in nonlinear media

KW - Optical pulse generation

KW - Optical waveguides

KW - Semiconductor materials

KW - Semiconductor waveguides

KW - Terahertz generation

U2 - 10.1109/JQE.2009.2033821

DO - 10.1109/JQE.2009.2033821

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 368

EP - 376

JO - IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics

JF - IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics

SN - 0018-9197

IS - 3

ER -