Exploring Automation Awareness in Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms

Paula Laitio, Paula Savioja, Jari Lappalainen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper introduces the concept of automation awareness as a part of situation awareness. The development and maintenance of automation awareness in a nuclear power plant control room is considered to be a continuous process that comprises of perceiving the current status of automation, comprehending the status and its meaning to the system behaviour as well as estimating the future statuses and their meanings. Good automation awareness should be evident in the process operators’ ability to act on automation if needed in a situation. The question of what is sufficient automation awareness is also addressed briefly. In addition to the literature-based theory, this paper presents a simulation environment developed for automation awareness related studies. Special focus is put on the operator user interface of the simulator as, according to literature, the user interface is a significant contributor to the development of automation awareness. The simulator user interface design is based on three guidelines derived from literature: good observability of automation, minimized workload and transparent failure management.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventEnlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2013 - Storefjell, Norway
Duration: 10 Mar 201315 Mar 2013

Conference

ConferenceEnlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2013
Abbreviated titleEHPG 2013
CountryNorway
CityStorefjell
Period10/03/1315/03/13

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Nuclear power plants
Automation
User interfaces
Simulators
Observability

Cite this

Laitio, P., Savioja, P., & Lappalainen, J. (2013). Exploring Automation Awareness in Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2013, Storefjell, Norway.
Laitio, Paula ; Savioja, Paula ; Lappalainen, Jari. / Exploring Automation Awareness in Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2013, Storefjell, Norway.
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abstract = "This paper introduces the concept of automation awareness as a part of situation awareness. The development and maintenance of automation awareness in a nuclear power plant control room is considered to be a continuous process that comprises of perceiving the current status of automation, comprehending the status and its meaning to the system behaviour as well as estimating the future statuses and their meanings. Good automation awareness should be evident in the process operators’ ability to act on automation if needed in a situation. The question of what is sufficient automation awareness is also addressed briefly. In addition to the literature-based theory, this paper presents a simulation environment developed for automation awareness related studies. Special focus is put on the operator user interface of the simulator as, according to literature, the user interface is a significant contributor to the development of automation awareness. The simulator user interface design is based on three guidelines derived from literature: good observability of automation, minimized workload and transparent failure management.",
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Laitio, P, Savioja, P & Lappalainen, J 2013, 'Exploring Automation Awareness in Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms' Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2013, Storefjell, Norway, 10/03/13 - 15/03/13, .

Exploring Automation Awareness in Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms. / Laitio, Paula; Savioja, Paula; Lappalainen, Jari.

2013. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2013, Storefjell, Norway.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - Exploring Automation Awareness in Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms

AU - Laitio, Paula

AU - Savioja, Paula

AU - Lappalainen, Jari

PY - 2013

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N2 - This paper introduces the concept of automation awareness as a part of situation awareness. The development and maintenance of automation awareness in a nuclear power plant control room is considered to be a continuous process that comprises of perceiving the current status of automation, comprehending the status and its meaning to the system behaviour as well as estimating the future statuses and their meanings. Good automation awareness should be evident in the process operators’ ability to act on automation if needed in a situation. The question of what is sufficient automation awareness is also addressed briefly. In addition to the literature-based theory, this paper presents a simulation environment developed for automation awareness related studies. Special focus is put on the operator user interface of the simulator as, according to literature, the user interface is a significant contributor to the development of automation awareness. The simulator user interface design is based on three guidelines derived from literature: good observability of automation, minimized workload and transparent failure management.

AB - This paper introduces the concept of automation awareness as a part of situation awareness. The development and maintenance of automation awareness in a nuclear power plant control room is considered to be a continuous process that comprises of perceiving the current status of automation, comprehending the status and its meaning to the system behaviour as well as estimating the future statuses and their meanings. Good automation awareness should be evident in the process operators’ ability to act on automation if needed in a situation. The question of what is sufficient automation awareness is also addressed briefly. In addition to the literature-based theory, this paper presents a simulation environment developed for automation awareness related studies. Special focus is put on the operator user interface of the simulator as, according to literature, the user interface is a significant contributor to the development of automation awareness. The simulator user interface design is based on three guidelines derived from literature: good observability of automation, minimized workload and transparent failure management.

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Laitio P, Savioja P, Lappalainen J. Exploring Automation Awareness in Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms. 2013. Paper presented at Enlarged Halden Programme Group Meeting, EHPG 2013, Storefjell, Norway.