Exploring Driver and Operator Behaviour Models in the Context of Automated Driving

Identification of Issues from a Human Actor Perspective

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

The study aimed to systematically determine key human issues related to automated driving by utilising selected theoretical approaches applied in road traffic and work environments. The aim was also to compare the descriptive power of theoretical approaches to automated driving. Three approaches were applied to partial and high automation scenarios: (1) motivational theories, (2) model for the human as an information processor, and (3) core-task analysis. A descriptive analysis using the terms of theoretical approaches was conducted for automated driving in the contexts of urban and highway driving. In all, the qualitative data provided encompassed 13 subtasks of a trip made by car (e.g. choosing the route, entering a highway, driving in an urban intersection) in several contextual circumstances (traffic situation, environment, weather etc.). The study resulted in a list of 20 human issues related to automated driving. The issues were categorised in four groups highlighting the common aspects identified. These were: strategic decisions related to personal mobility; road safety; the role of information in automated driving; and communication and interaction in traffic. Each theoretical approach appeared useful in defining the issues, and the views were found to complement each other. Increasing automation in road transport calls for reforming the theoretical background and developing new models. The core-task analysis, not earlier applied in road transport, emerged as a promising model and is suggested to be applied in more detailed analysis of automated driving, specifically regarding information and communication aspects.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages60
ISBN (Print)978-951-38-8691-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameVTT Technology
PublisherVTT
No.356
ISSN (Print)2242-1211
ISSN (Electronic)2242-122X

Fingerprint

core analysis
road transport
automation
communication
road
automobile
weather
analysis
traffic
road safety
decision
road traffic

Keywords

  • automated driving
  • Human behaviour theories

Cite this

@book{ae17fbc942f84ada8561cf1759344ba2,
title = "Exploring Driver and Operator Behaviour Models in the Context of Automated Driving: Identification of Issues from a Human Actor Perspective",
abstract = "The study aimed to systematically determine key human issues related to automated driving by utilising selected theoretical approaches applied in road traffic and work environments. The aim was also to compare the descriptive power of theoretical approaches to automated driving. Three approaches were applied to partial and high automation scenarios: (1) motivational theories, (2) model for the human as an information processor, and (3) core-task analysis. A descriptive analysis using the terms of theoretical approaches was conducted for automated driving in the contexts of urban and highway driving. In all, the qualitative data provided encompassed 13 subtasks of a trip made by car (e.g. choosing the route, entering a highway, driving in an urban intersection) in several contextual circumstances (traffic situation, environment, weather etc.). The study resulted in a list of 20 human issues related to automated driving. The issues were categorised in four groups highlighting the common aspects identified. These were: strategic decisions related to personal mobility; road safety; the role of information in automated driving; and communication and interaction in traffic. Each theoretical approach appeared useful in defining the issues, and the views were found to complement each other. Increasing automation in road transport calls for reforming the theoretical background and developing new models. The core-task analysis, not earlier applied in road transport, emerged as a promising model and is suggested to be applied in more detailed analysis of automated driving, specifically regarding information and communication aspects.",
keywords = "automated driving, Human behaviour theories",
author = "Pirkko R{\"a}m{\"a} and Hanna Koskinen",
note = "Project: TL2025: Human interaction with automated road transport systems",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.32040/2242-122X.2019.T356",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-951-38-8691-2",
series = "VTT Technology",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "356",
address = "Finland",

}

Exploring Driver and Operator Behaviour Models in the Context of Automated Driving : Identification of Issues from a Human Actor Perspective. / Rämä, Pirkko; Koskinen, Hanna.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2019. 60 p. (VTT Technology; No. 356).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - Exploring Driver and Operator Behaviour Models in the Context of Automated Driving

T2 - Identification of Issues from a Human Actor Perspective

AU - Rämä, Pirkko

AU - Koskinen, Hanna

N1 - Project: TL2025: Human interaction with automated road transport systems

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - The study aimed to systematically determine key human issues related to automated driving by utilising selected theoretical approaches applied in road traffic and work environments. The aim was also to compare the descriptive power of theoretical approaches to automated driving. Three approaches were applied to partial and high automation scenarios: (1) motivational theories, (2) model for the human as an information processor, and (3) core-task analysis. A descriptive analysis using the terms of theoretical approaches was conducted for automated driving in the contexts of urban and highway driving. In all, the qualitative data provided encompassed 13 subtasks of a trip made by car (e.g. choosing the route, entering a highway, driving in an urban intersection) in several contextual circumstances (traffic situation, environment, weather etc.). The study resulted in a list of 20 human issues related to automated driving. The issues were categorised in four groups highlighting the common aspects identified. These were: strategic decisions related to personal mobility; road safety; the role of information in automated driving; and communication and interaction in traffic. Each theoretical approach appeared useful in defining the issues, and the views were found to complement each other. Increasing automation in road transport calls for reforming the theoretical background and developing new models. The core-task analysis, not earlier applied in road transport, emerged as a promising model and is suggested to be applied in more detailed analysis of automated driving, specifically regarding information and communication aspects.

AB - The study aimed to systematically determine key human issues related to automated driving by utilising selected theoretical approaches applied in road traffic and work environments. The aim was also to compare the descriptive power of theoretical approaches to automated driving. Three approaches were applied to partial and high automation scenarios: (1) motivational theories, (2) model for the human as an information processor, and (3) core-task analysis. A descriptive analysis using the terms of theoretical approaches was conducted for automated driving in the contexts of urban and highway driving. In all, the qualitative data provided encompassed 13 subtasks of a trip made by car (e.g. choosing the route, entering a highway, driving in an urban intersection) in several contextual circumstances (traffic situation, environment, weather etc.). The study resulted in a list of 20 human issues related to automated driving. The issues were categorised in four groups highlighting the common aspects identified. These were: strategic decisions related to personal mobility; road safety; the role of information in automated driving; and communication and interaction in traffic. Each theoretical approach appeared useful in defining the issues, and the views were found to complement each other. Increasing automation in road transport calls for reforming the theoretical background and developing new models. The core-task analysis, not earlier applied in road transport, emerged as a promising model and is suggested to be applied in more detailed analysis of automated driving, specifically regarding information and communication aspects.

KW - automated driving

KW - Human behaviour theories

U2 - 10.32040/2242-122X.2019.T356

DO - 10.32040/2242-122X.2019.T356

M3 - Report

SN - 978-951-38-8691-2

T3 - VTT Technology

BT - Exploring Driver and Operator Behaviour Models in the Context of Automated Driving

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

ER -