Exploring the future role of retrofitting CCS in the pulp mill and integrated pulp and board mill

Kristin Onarheim, Petteri Kangas, Stanley Santos, Ville Hanlin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study evaluated the technical and economic performance of retrofitting an amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture process in the pulp and paper industry. Two fictive reference mills were assessed; a market Kraft pulp mill and an integrated pulp and board mill situated in Finland. CO2 capture from the flue gases of the recovery boiler, the multi-fuel boiler and the lime kiln were evaluated, in addition to capture from a combination of these. The study addressed in detail solutions for heat integration and resulting effects on the steam and electricity balances. The market pulp mill produces sufficient excess steam for a 90% total CO2 emission capture rate. In the case of an integrated pulp and board mill the amount of excess steam is smaller, and an auxiliary boiler is needed for high capture rates. The levelized cost of pulp (LCOP) increased by 20 - 154 /adt (4 - 30%) for the pulp mill and by 22 - 191 /adt (4 - 37%) for the integrated pulp and board mill, depending on CO2 capture rate. The study showed that the LCOP was sensitive to policy frameworks, especially concerning the recognition of biogenic CO2 emissions as neutral or negative.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2017
Pages143-148
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
Event7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference, NWBC 2017 - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 28 Mar 201730 Mar 2017
Conference number: 7

Conference

Conference7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference, NWBC 2017
Abbreviated titleNWBC 2017
CountrySweden
CityStockholm
Period28/03/1730/03/17

Fingerprint

Retrofitting
Paper and pulp mills
Pulp
Boilers
Steam
Kraft pulp
Paper and pulp industry
Kilns
Flue gases
Lime
Costs
Amines
Electricity
Recovery
Economics

Keywords

  • CCS
  • CO2
  • negative emissions
  • pulp and paper industry

Cite this

Onarheim, K., Kangas, P., Santos, S., & Hanlin, V. (2017). Exploring the future role of retrofitting CCS in the pulp mill and integrated pulp and board mill. In Proceedings of 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2017 (pp. 143-148)
Onarheim, Kristin ; Kangas, Petteri ; Santos, Stanley ; Hanlin, Ville. / Exploring the future role of retrofitting CCS in the pulp mill and integrated pulp and board mill. Proceedings of 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2017. 2017. pp. 143-148
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Onarheim, K, Kangas, P, Santos, S & Hanlin, V 2017, Exploring the future role of retrofitting CCS in the pulp mill and integrated pulp and board mill. in Proceedings of 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2017. pp. 143-148, 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference, NWBC 2017, Stockholm, Sweden, 28/03/17.

Exploring the future role of retrofitting CCS in the pulp mill and integrated pulp and board mill. / Onarheim, Kristin; Kangas, Petteri; Santos, Stanley; Hanlin, Ville.

Proceedings of 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2017. 2017. p. 143-148.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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AU - Santos, Stanley

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N2 - This study evaluated the technical and economic performance of retrofitting an amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture process in the pulp and paper industry. Two fictive reference mills were assessed; a market Kraft pulp mill and an integrated pulp and board mill situated in Finland. CO2 capture from the flue gases of the recovery boiler, the multi-fuel boiler and the lime kiln were evaluated, in addition to capture from a combination of these. The study addressed in detail solutions for heat integration and resulting effects on the steam and electricity balances. The market pulp mill produces sufficient excess steam for a 90% total CO2 emission capture rate. In the case of an integrated pulp and board mill the amount of excess steam is smaller, and an auxiliary boiler is needed for high capture rates. The levelized cost of pulp (LCOP) increased by 20 - 154 /adt (4 - 30%) for the pulp mill and by 22 - 191 /adt (4 - 37%) for the integrated pulp and board mill, depending on CO2 capture rate. The study showed that the LCOP was sensitive to policy frameworks, especially concerning the recognition of biogenic CO2 emissions as neutral or negative.

AB - This study evaluated the technical and economic performance of retrofitting an amine-based post-combustion CO2 capture process in the pulp and paper industry. Two fictive reference mills were assessed; a market Kraft pulp mill and an integrated pulp and board mill situated in Finland. CO2 capture from the flue gases of the recovery boiler, the multi-fuel boiler and the lime kiln were evaluated, in addition to capture from a combination of these. The study addressed in detail solutions for heat integration and resulting effects on the steam and electricity balances. The market pulp mill produces sufficient excess steam for a 90% total CO2 emission capture rate. In the case of an integrated pulp and board mill the amount of excess steam is smaller, and an auxiliary boiler is needed for high capture rates. The levelized cost of pulp (LCOP) increased by 20 - 154 /adt (4 - 30%) for the pulp mill and by 22 - 191 /adt (4 - 37%) for the integrated pulp and board mill, depending on CO2 capture rate. The study showed that the LCOP was sensitive to policy frameworks, especially concerning the recognition of biogenic CO2 emissions as neutral or negative.

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KW - negative emissions

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Onarheim K, Kangas P, Santos S, Hanlin V. Exploring the future role of retrofitting CCS in the pulp mill and integrated pulp and board mill. In Proceedings of 7th Nordic Wood Biorefinery Conference 2017. 2017. p. 143-148