Exploring the mechanical properties of spot welded dissimilar joints for stainless and galvanized steels

M. Alenius, Pekka Pohjanne, M. Somervuori, H. Hänninen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    42 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Spot weldability of dissimilar metal joints between stainless steels and nonstainless steels was investigated. The aim was to determine the spot welding parameters for the dissimilar metal joints and to characterize the mechanical properties of the joints. Metallographical investigations, microhardness measurements, peel tests, lap shear tests, cross-tension tests, corrosion fatigue tests, and stress corrosion cracking tests were performed. It was found that in the dissimilar metal joints between stainless steel and nonstainless steel, the failure load of the cross-tension specimens was around 72-78% of that of the lap shear specimens. The weld nugget of the dissimilar metal joints was fully martensitic, but it was ductile enough so that the failure type was plug failure in both lap shear and cross-tension tests. In the case of the corrosion fatigue testing of the spot welded joints, different strength levels of the base materials did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue strength, but the sheet thickness had a significant effect. The fatigue strength of a spot welded specimen increased with the increasing sheet thickness. Electro-coating of the test specimens did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue properties of the spot welded joints. Stress corrosion cracking tests showed that the stainless steel EN 1.4318 and zinc-coated nonstainless steel ZStE260BH dissimilar metal joints are susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement in 3.5% sodium chloride solution at room temperature. Comparable cracking was also observed in the stainless-stainless steel joints, when they were galvanically coupled to zinc. The reason for hydrogen embrittlement of the dissimilar metal welds is that the weld nugget is fully martensitic and the corrosion potential is low due to the zinc plating.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)305-313
    Number of pages9
    JournalWelding Journal
    Volume85
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Dissimilar metals
    Stainless Steel
    Corrosion fatigue
    Welds
    Mechanical properties
    Steel
    Stainless steel
    Hydrogen embrittlement
    Stress corrosion cracking
    Zinc
    Zinc plating
    Spot welding
    Fatigue testing
    Weldability
    Sodium chloride
    Sodium Chloride
    Microhardness
    Corrosion
    Coatings

    Cite this

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    title = "Exploring the mechanical properties of spot welded dissimilar joints for stainless and galvanized steels",
    abstract = "Spot weldability of dissimilar metal joints between stainless steels and nonstainless steels was investigated. The aim was to determine the spot welding parameters for the dissimilar metal joints and to characterize the mechanical properties of the joints. Metallographical investigations, microhardness measurements, peel tests, lap shear tests, cross-tension tests, corrosion fatigue tests, and stress corrosion cracking tests were performed. It was found that in the dissimilar metal joints between stainless steel and nonstainless steel, the failure load of the cross-tension specimens was around 72-78{\%} of that of the lap shear specimens. The weld nugget of the dissimilar metal joints was fully martensitic, but it was ductile enough so that the failure type was plug failure in both lap shear and cross-tension tests. In the case of the corrosion fatigue testing of the spot welded joints, different strength levels of the base materials did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue strength, but the sheet thickness had a significant effect. The fatigue strength of a spot welded specimen increased with the increasing sheet thickness. Electro-coating of the test specimens did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue properties of the spot welded joints. Stress corrosion cracking tests showed that the stainless steel EN 1.4318 and zinc-coated nonstainless steel ZStE260BH dissimilar metal joints are susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement in 3.5{\%} sodium chloride solution at room temperature. Comparable cracking was also observed in the stainless-stainless steel joints, when they were galvanically coupled to zinc. The reason for hydrogen embrittlement of the dissimilar metal welds is that the weld nugget is fully martensitic and the corrosion potential is low due to the zinc plating.",
    author = "M. Alenius and Pekka Pohjanne and M. Somervuori and H. H{\"a}nninen",
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    Exploring the mechanical properties of spot welded dissimilar joints for stainless and galvanized steels. / Alenius, M.; Pohjanne, Pekka; Somervuori, M.; Hänninen, H.

    In: Welding Journal, Vol. 85, No. 12, 2006, p. 305-313.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

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    AU - Alenius, M.

    AU - Pohjanne, Pekka

    AU - Somervuori, M.

    AU - Hänninen, H.

    PY - 2006

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    N2 - Spot weldability of dissimilar metal joints between stainless steels and nonstainless steels was investigated. The aim was to determine the spot welding parameters for the dissimilar metal joints and to characterize the mechanical properties of the joints. Metallographical investigations, microhardness measurements, peel tests, lap shear tests, cross-tension tests, corrosion fatigue tests, and stress corrosion cracking tests were performed. It was found that in the dissimilar metal joints between stainless steel and nonstainless steel, the failure load of the cross-tension specimens was around 72-78% of that of the lap shear specimens. The weld nugget of the dissimilar metal joints was fully martensitic, but it was ductile enough so that the failure type was plug failure in both lap shear and cross-tension tests. In the case of the corrosion fatigue testing of the spot welded joints, different strength levels of the base materials did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue strength, but the sheet thickness had a significant effect. The fatigue strength of a spot welded specimen increased with the increasing sheet thickness. Electro-coating of the test specimens did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue properties of the spot welded joints. Stress corrosion cracking tests showed that the stainless steel EN 1.4318 and zinc-coated nonstainless steel ZStE260BH dissimilar metal joints are susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement in 3.5% sodium chloride solution at room temperature. Comparable cracking was also observed in the stainless-stainless steel joints, when they were galvanically coupled to zinc. The reason for hydrogen embrittlement of the dissimilar metal welds is that the weld nugget is fully martensitic and the corrosion potential is low due to the zinc plating.

    AB - Spot weldability of dissimilar metal joints between stainless steels and nonstainless steels was investigated. The aim was to determine the spot welding parameters for the dissimilar metal joints and to characterize the mechanical properties of the joints. Metallographical investigations, microhardness measurements, peel tests, lap shear tests, cross-tension tests, corrosion fatigue tests, and stress corrosion cracking tests were performed. It was found that in the dissimilar metal joints between stainless steel and nonstainless steel, the failure load of the cross-tension specimens was around 72-78% of that of the lap shear specimens. The weld nugget of the dissimilar metal joints was fully martensitic, but it was ductile enough so that the failure type was plug failure in both lap shear and cross-tension tests. In the case of the corrosion fatigue testing of the spot welded joints, different strength levels of the base materials did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue strength, but the sheet thickness had a significant effect. The fatigue strength of a spot welded specimen increased with the increasing sheet thickness. Electro-coating of the test specimens did not have an effect on the corrosion fatigue properties of the spot welded joints. Stress corrosion cracking tests showed that the stainless steel EN 1.4318 and zinc-coated nonstainless steel ZStE260BH dissimilar metal joints are susceptible to hydrogen embrittlement in 3.5% sodium chloride solution at room temperature. Comparable cracking was also observed in the stainless-stainless steel joints, when they were galvanically coupled to zinc. The reason for hydrogen embrittlement of the dissimilar metal welds is that the weld nugget is fully martensitic and the corrosion potential is low due to the zinc plating.

    M3 - Article

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    ER -