Expression of fungal thermotolerant endo-1,4-β-glucanase in transgenic barley seeds during germination

Anna-Maria Nuutila, Anneli Ritala, Ron Skadsen, Leena Mannonen, Veli Kauppinen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    57 Citations (Scopus)


    The malting quality of two barley cultivars, Kymppi and Golden Promise, was modified to better meet the requirements of the brewing process. The egl1 gene, coding for fungal thermotolerant endo-1,4-β-glucanase (EGI, cellulase), was transferred to the cultivars using particle bombardment, and transgenic plants were regenerated on bialaphos selection. Integration of the egl1 gene was confirmed by Southern blot hybridization. The transgenic seeds were screened for the expression of the heterologous EGI. Under the high-pI α-amylase promoter, the egl1 gene was expressed during germination. The heterologous enzyme was thermotolerant at 65 °C for 2 h, thus being suitable for mashing conditions. The amount of heterologous EGI produced by the seeds (ca. 0.025% of soluble seed protein), has been shown to be sufficient to reduce wort viscosity by decreasing the soluble β-glucan content. A decrease in the soluble β-glucan content in the wort improves the filtration rate of beer.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)777-783
    Number of pages7
    JournalPlant Molecular Biology
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 1999
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • cellulase
    • heterologous expression
    • Hordeum vulgare L.
    • particle bombardment
    • thermotolerant endo-1.4-beta-glucanase
    • transgenic barley


    Dive into the research topics of 'Expression of fungal thermotolerant endo-1,4-β-glucanase in transgenic barley seeds during germination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this