Expression of Melanocarpus albomyces laccase in Trichoderma reesei and characterization of the purified enzyme

Laura-Leena Kiiskinen, Kristiina Kruus, Michael Bailey, Erkko Ylösmäki, Matti Siika-aho, Markku Saloheimo (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

143 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies on Melanocarpus albomyces laccase have shown that this enzyme is very interesting for both basic research purposes and industrial applications. In order to obtain a reliable and efficient source for this laccase, it was produced in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. Two approaches were used: production of a non-fused laccase and a hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein. Both proteins were expressed in T. reesei under the cbh1 promoter, and significantly higher activities were obtained with the non-fused laccase in shake-flask cultures (corresponding to about 230 mg l−1). Northern blot analyses showed rather similar mRNA levels from both expression constructs. Western analysis indicated intracellular accumulation and degradation of the hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein, showing that production of the fusion was limited at the post-transcriptional level. No induction of the unfolded protein response pathway by laccase production was detected in the transformants by Northern hybridization. The most promising transformant was grown in a fermenter in batch and fed-batch modes. The highest production level obtained in the fed-batch culture was 920 mg l−1. The recombinant laccase was purified from the culture supernatant after cleaving the major contaminating protein, cellobiohydrolase I, by papain. The recombinant and wild-type laccases were compared with regard to substrate kinetics, molecular mass, pH optimum, thermostability, and processing of the N- and C-termini, and they showed very similar properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3065 - 3074
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobiology
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Laccase
Trichoderma
Enzymes
Batch Cell Culture Techniques
Proteins
Cellulose 1,4-beta-Cellobiosidase
Unfolded Protein Response
Papain
Northern Blotting
Fungi
Messenger RNA
Research

Keywords

  • laccase
  • Melanocarpus albomyces laccase
  • filamentous fungi
  • Trichoderma reesei
  • enzymes
  • gene expression

Cite this

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title = "Expression of Melanocarpus albomyces laccase in Trichoderma reesei and characterization of the purified enzyme",
abstract = "Previous studies on Melanocarpus albomyces laccase have shown that this enzyme is very interesting for both basic research purposes and industrial applications. In order to obtain a reliable and efficient source for this laccase, it was produced in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. Two approaches were used: production of a non-fused laccase and a hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein. Both proteins were expressed in T. reesei under the cbh1 promoter, and significantly higher activities were obtained with the non-fused laccase in shake-flask cultures (corresponding to about 230 mg l−1). Northern blot analyses showed rather similar mRNA levels from both expression constructs. Western analysis indicated intracellular accumulation and degradation of the hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein, showing that production of the fusion was limited at the post-transcriptional level. No induction of the unfolded protein response pathway by laccase production was detected in the transformants by Northern hybridization. The most promising transformant was grown in a fermenter in batch and fed-batch modes. The highest production level obtained in the fed-batch culture was 920 mg l−1. The recombinant laccase was purified from the culture supernatant after cleaving the major contaminating protein, cellobiohydrolase I, by papain. The recombinant and wild-type laccases were compared with regard to substrate kinetics, molecular mass, pH optimum, thermostability, and processing of the N- and C-termini, and they showed very similar properties.",
keywords = "laccase, Melanocarpus albomyces laccase, filamentous fungi, Trichoderma reesei, enzymes, gene expression",
author = "Laura-Leena Kiiskinen and Kristiina Kruus and Michael Bailey and Erkko Yl{\"o}sm{\"a}ki and Matti Siika-aho and Markku Saloheimo",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1099/mic.0.27147-0",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
pages = "3065 -- 3074",
journal = "Microbiology",
issn = "1350-0872",
publisher = "Society for General Microbiology",

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Expression of Melanocarpus albomyces laccase in Trichoderma reesei and characterization of the purified enzyme. / Kiiskinen, Laura-Leena; Kruus, Kristiina; Bailey, Michael; Ylösmäki, Erkko; Siika-aho, Matti; Saloheimo, Markku (Corresponding Author).

In: Microbiology, Vol. 150, 2004, p. 3065 - 3074.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expression of Melanocarpus albomyces laccase in Trichoderma reesei and characterization of the purified enzyme

AU - Kiiskinen, Laura-Leena

AU - Kruus, Kristiina

AU - Bailey, Michael

AU - Ylösmäki, Erkko

AU - Siika-aho, Matti

AU - Saloheimo, Markku

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Previous studies on Melanocarpus albomyces laccase have shown that this enzyme is very interesting for both basic research purposes and industrial applications. In order to obtain a reliable and efficient source for this laccase, it was produced in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. Two approaches were used: production of a non-fused laccase and a hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein. Both proteins were expressed in T. reesei under the cbh1 promoter, and significantly higher activities were obtained with the non-fused laccase in shake-flask cultures (corresponding to about 230 mg l−1). Northern blot analyses showed rather similar mRNA levels from both expression constructs. Western analysis indicated intracellular accumulation and degradation of the hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein, showing that production of the fusion was limited at the post-transcriptional level. No induction of the unfolded protein response pathway by laccase production was detected in the transformants by Northern hybridization. The most promising transformant was grown in a fermenter in batch and fed-batch modes. The highest production level obtained in the fed-batch culture was 920 mg l−1. The recombinant laccase was purified from the culture supernatant after cleaving the major contaminating protein, cellobiohydrolase I, by papain. The recombinant and wild-type laccases were compared with regard to substrate kinetics, molecular mass, pH optimum, thermostability, and processing of the N- and C-termini, and they showed very similar properties.

AB - Previous studies on Melanocarpus albomyces laccase have shown that this enzyme is very interesting for both basic research purposes and industrial applications. In order to obtain a reliable and efficient source for this laccase, it was produced in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. Two approaches were used: production of a non-fused laccase and a hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein. Both proteins were expressed in T. reesei under the cbh1 promoter, and significantly higher activities were obtained with the non-fused laccase in shake-flask cultures (corresponding to about 230 mg l−1). Northern blot analyses showed rather similar mRNA levels from both expression constructs. Western analysis indicated intracellular accumulation and degradation of the hydrophobin–laccase fusion protein, showing that production of the fusion was limited at the post-transcriptional level. No induction of the unfolded protein response pathway by laccase production was detected in the transformants by Northern hybridization. The most promising transformant was grown in a fermenter in batch and fed-batch modes. The highest production level obtained in the fed-batch culture was 920 mg l−1. The recombinant laccase was purified from the culture supernatant after cleaving the major contaminating protein, cellobiohydrolase I, by papain. The recombinant and wild-type laccases were compared with regard to substrate kinetics, molecular mass, pH optimum, thermostability, and processing of the N- and C-termini, and they showed very similar properties.

KW - laccase

KW - Melanocarpus albomyces laccase

KW - filamentous fungi

KW - Trichoderma reesei

KW - enzymes

KW - gene expression

U2 - 10.1099/mic.0.27147-0

DO - 10.1099/mic.0.27147-0

M3 - Article

VL - 150

SP - 3065

EP - 3074

JO - Microbiology

JF - Microbiology

SN - 1350-0872

ER -