Extending the reactivity initiated accident (RIA) fuel performance code SCANAIR for boiling water reactor (BWR) applications

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    Abstract

    In this paper, capabilities of the SCANAIR transient fuel performance code are evaluated and extended for boiling water reactor (BWR) fuel low temperature cladding failure predictions and high temperature thermal hydraulics modelling. The SCANAIR code, developed by the Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), is designed for modelling the behaviour of a single fuel rod during reactivity initiated accident (RIA) in a pressurized water reactor (PWR). In a previous study (Arffman et al., 2012), new BWR cladding material property correlations were developed and implemented into SCANAIR. Here, SCANAIR's ability to predict BWR cladding failures due to pellet-cladding-mechanical interaction (PCMI) is evaluated by modelling the NSRR FK test series. SCANAIR is found to give correct predictions with reasonably good accuracy when applied to a larger dataset of several tests. As the standard thermal hydraulics model in SCANAIR is one-dimensional and able to model single phase coolant only, the simulation of a BWR RIA, the control rod drop accident, is not possible when the bulk boiling regime is reached. In this study, the code's application field is broadened to consider bulk boiling in BWRs. In the chosen approach, SCANAIR is coupled with an external thermal hydraulics code. For that, VTT's in-house general thermal hydraulics code GENFLO has been used. The first demonstration simulations show promising results.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)192-203
    Number of pages12
    JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
    Volume322
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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    Keywords

    • SCANAIR
    • GENFLO
    • RIA
    • BWR thermal hydraulics
    • PCMI

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