Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means

Alexey Vishtal, Elias Retulainen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The elongation of the typical wood fibres used in papermaking is in the range of 1 to 5%, so as for the paper made of such fibres These values seem to be extremely low in comparison with the common plastics such polyethylene, polypropylene and polyester in which elongation is measured in 100%-s magnitude. The low extensibility of paper is limiting use of paper in engineering and packaging applications despite on the relatively high strength. Extensibility of paper can be improved by manipulations with fibre structure, character of interfibre bonding, and structure of the fibre network. The question is whether these can be done simultaneously in the frame of the papermaking process? This work aims to provide a deep outlook on the extensibility of paper by reviewing the key factors affecting it. The combined approach for the improvement of extensibility of paper was suggested based on these considerations. Mentioned approach unites several methods including: mechanical treatment of fibres, addition of agar, compaction and low-restrain drying of paper. As a result of these treatments extensibility of paper can be increased up to 15% for uniform sheets and up to 30%-points for oriented paper.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventProgress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014 - Raleigh, United States
Duration: 8 Sep 201411 Sep 2014

Conference

ConferenceProgress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014
Abbreviated titlePPPS
CountryUnited States
CityRaleigh
Period8/09/1411/09/14

Fingerprint

Fibers
Papermaking
Elongation
Polyethylenes
Polyesters
Polypropylenes
Packaging
Wood
Drying
Compaction
Plastics

Keywords

  • extensibility
  • 3D forming
  • formability
  • spraying
  • papermaking
  • wood fibres

Cite this

Vishtal, A., & Retulainen, E. (2014). Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means. Paper presented at Progress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014, Raleigh, United States.
Vishtal, Alexey ; Retulainen, Elias. / Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means. Paper presented at Progress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014, Raleigh, United States.3 p.
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title = "Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means",
abstract = "The elongation of the typical wood fibres used in papermaking is in the range of 1 to 5{\%}, so as for the paper made of such fibres These values seem to be extremely low in comparison with the common plastics such polyethylene, polypropylene and polyester in which elongation is measured in 100{\%}-s magnitude. The low extensibility of paper is limiting use of paper in engineering and packaging applications despite on the relatively high strength. Extensibility of paper can be improved by manipulations with fibre structure, character of interfibre bonding, and structure of the fibre network. The question is whether these can be done simultaneously in the frame of the papermaking process? This work aims to provide a deep outlook on the extensibility of paper by reviewing the key factors affecting it. The combined approach for the improvement of extensibility of paper was suggested based on these considerations. Mentioned approach unites several methods including: mechanical treatment of fibres, addition of agar, compaction and low-restrain drying of paper. As a result of these treatments extensibility of paper can be increased up to 15{\%} for uniform sheets and up to 30{\%}-points for oriented paper.",
keywords = "extensibility, 3D forming, formability, spraying, papermaking, wood fibres",
author = "Alexey Vishtal and Elias Retulainen",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
note = "Progress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014, PPPS ; Conference date: 08-09-2014 Through 11-09-2014",

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Vishtal, A & Retulainen, E 2014, 'Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means' Paper presented at Progress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014, Raleigh, United States, 8/09/14 - 11/09/14, .

Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means. / Vishtal, Alexey; Retulainen, Elias.

2014. Paper presented at Progress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014, Raleigh, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference articleScientificpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means

AU - Vishtal, Alexey

AU - Retulainen, Elias

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The elongation of the typical wood fibres used in papermaking is in the range of 1 to 5%, so as for the paper made of such fibres These values seem to be extremely low in comparison with the common plastics such polyethylene, polypropylene and polyester in which elongation is measured in 100%-s magnitude. The low extensibility of paper is limiting use of paper in engineering and packaging applications despite on the relatively high strength. Extensibility of paper can be improved by manipulations with fibre structure, character of interfibre bonding, and structure of the fibre network. The question is whether these can be done simultaneously in the frame of the papermaking process? This work aims to provide a deep outlook on the extensibility of paper by reviewing the key factors affecting it. The combined approach for the improvement of extensibility of paper was suggested based on these considerations. Mentioned approach unites several methods including: mechanical treatment of fibres, addition of agar, compaction and low-restrain drying of paper. As a result of these treatments extensibility of paper can be increased up to 15% for uniform sheets and up to 30%-points for oriented paper.

AB - The elongation of the typical wood fibres used in papermaking is in the range of 1 to 5%, so as for the paper made of such fibres These values seem to be extremely low in comparison with the common plastics such polyethylene, polypropylene and polyester in which elongation is measured in 100%-s magnitude. The low extensibility of paper is limiting use of paper in engineering and packaging applications despite on the relatively high strength. Extensibility of paper can be improved by manipulations with fibre structure, character of interfibre bonding, and structure of the fibre network. The question is whether these can be done simultaneously in the frame of the papermaking process? This work aims to provide a deep outlook on the extensibility of paper by reviewing the key factors affecting it. The combined approach for the improvement of extensibility of paper was suggested based on these considerations. Mentioned approach unites several methods including: mechanical treatment of fibres, addition of agar, compaction and low-restrain drying of paper. As a result of these treatments extensibility of paper can be increased up to 15% for uniform sheets and up to 30%-points for oriented paper.

KW - extensibility

KW - 3D forming

KW - formability

KW - spraying

KW - papermaking

KW - wood fibres

M3 - Conference article

ER -

Vishtal A, Retulainen E. Extensibility of paper and possibilities to improve it by chemical and mechanical means. 2014. Paper presented at Progress in Paper Physics Seminar, PPPS 2014, Raleigh, United States.