External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants

B. Hallberg, K. Aquilonius, Y. Lechon, H. Cabal, R. Saez, T. Schneider, S. Lepicard, D. Ward, T. Hamacher, Riitta Korhonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

Abstract

This study was performed within the framework of the Socio-Economic Research on Fusion project (SERF3), which is jointly conducted by Euratom and the fusion associations. Assess-ments of monetarized external impacts of the fusion fuel cycle were performed previously (SERF1 and SERF2). In this study, several fusion power plant designs (SEAFP Models 1-6) were compared focus-ing on a part of the plant's life cycle: environmental impact of recycling the materials. The models differ mainly by the type materials used for core reactor components and type of cooling medium. Recycling is considered for materials replaced during normal operation, as well as materials from decommissioning of the plant. Several recycling schemes for activated parts have been suggested, one of which proposes using recycled fusion compo-nents when building new fusion reactors. Environmental impact was assessed and expressed as external costs normalised with the total electrical energy output during plants operation. This facilitates comparison with other options for electricity generation. The methodology used for this study was developed by the Commission of the European Union within the frame of the "ExternE" project. It is a bottom-up methodology, with a marginal and site specific approach. Quantification of impacts is achieved through the damage function or impact pathway approach that follows the sequence of events linking a burden to an impact and subsequent monetary valuation. This means that it involves siting a power plant, and calculating its contribution to the environ-mental and health situation locally, regionally and globally. Different material streams were used for activated recyclable parts and "common" recyclable parts. The regulations regarding transports and handling of radioactive materials will govern how they are treated. Some components will be possible to recycle only after up to 100 years of cooling, during which it must be stored. Even after that, some parts may have to be taken to final repositories. This amount varies between designs. The external costs of different scenarios for managing used fusion plant materials can be used as a contribution to the basis for decisions regarding waste from fusion plants.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology
Subtitle of host publicationBook of Abstracts
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Pages469-469
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5731-X
ISBN (Print)951-38-5730-1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Event22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 9 Sep 200213 Sep 2002
Conference number: 22

Publication series

NameVTT Symposium
PublisherVTT
Number220
ISSN (Print)0357-9387
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0873

Conference

Conference22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology
Abbreviated titleSOFTA
CountryFinland
CityHelsinki
Period9/09/0213/09/02

Fingerprint

power plant
recycling
cost
environmental impact
cooling
decommissioning
methodology
electricity generation
material
valuation
repository
European Union
life cycle
damage
energy

Cite this

Hallberg, B., Aquilonius, K., Lechon, Y., Cabal, H., Saez, R., Schneider, T., ... Korhonen, R. (2002). External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants. In 22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology: Book of Abstracts (pp. 469-469). [K28] Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Symposium, No. 220
Hallberg, B. ; Aquilonius, K. ; Lechon, Y. ; Cabal, H. ; Saez, R. ; Schneider, T. ; Lepicard, S. ; Ward, D. ; Hamacher, T. ; Korhonen, Riitta. / External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants. 22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology: Book of Abstracts. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. pp. 469-469 (VTT Symposium; No. 220).
@inbook{d118fd8e154d40568232efaa3deed375,
title = "External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants",
abstract = "This study was performed within the framework of the Socio-Economic Research on Fusion project (SERF3), which is jointly conducted by Euratom and the fusion associations. Assess-ments of monetarized external impacts of the fusion fuel cycle were performed previously (SERF1 and SERF2). In this study, several fusion power plant designs (SEAFP Models 1-6) were compared focus-ing on a part of the plant's life cycle: environmental impact of recycling the materials. The models differ mainly by the type materials used for core reactor components and type of cooling medium. Recycling is considered for materials replaced during normal operation, as well as materials from decommissioning of the plant. Several recycling schemes for activated parts have been suggested, one of which proposes using recycled fusion compo-nents when building new fusion reactors. Environmental impact was assessed and expressed as external costs normalised with the total electrical energy output during plants operation. This facilitates comparison with other options for electricity generation. The methodology used for this study was developed by the Commission of the European Union within the frame of the {"}ExternE{"} project. It is a bottom-up methodology, with a marginal and site specific approach. Quantification of impacts is achieved through the damage function or impact pathway approach that follows the sequence of events linking a burden to an impact and subsequent monetary valuation. This means that it involves siting a power plant, and calculating its contribution to the environ-mental and health situation locally, regionally and globally. Different material streams were used for activated recyclable parts and {"}common{"} recyclable parts. The regulations regarding transports and handling of radioactive materials will govern how they are treated. Some components will be possible to recycle only after up to 100 years of cooling, during which it must be stored. Even after that, some parts may have to be taken to final repositories. This amount varies between designs. The external costs of different scenarios for managing used fusion plant materials can be used as a contribution to the basis for decisions regarding waste from fusion plants.",
author = "B. Hallberg and K. Aquilonius and Y. Lechon and H. Cabal and R. Saez and T. Schneider and S. Lepicard and D. Ward and T. Hamacher and Riitta Korhonen",
year = "2002",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-5730-1",
series = "VTT Symposium",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "220",
pages = "469--469",
booktitle = "22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology",
address = "Finland",

}

Hallberg, B, Aquilonius, K, Lechon, Y, Cabal, H, Saez, R, Schneider, T, Lepicard, S, Ward, D, Hamacher, T & Korhonen, R 2002, External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants. in 22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology: Book of Abstracts., K28, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, VTT Symposium, no. 220, pp. 469-469, 22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology, Helsinki, Finland, 9/09/02.

External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants. / Hallberg, B.; Aquilonius, K.; Lechon, Y.; Cabal, H.; Saez, R.; Schneider, T.; Lepicard, S.; Ward, D.; Hamacher, T.; Korhonen, Riitta.

22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology: Book of Abstracts. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 2002. p. 469-469 K28 (VTT Symposium; No. 220).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsScientific

TY - CHAP

T1 - External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants

AU - Hallberg, B.

AU - Aquilonius, K.

AU - Lechon, Y.

AU - Cabal, H.

AU - Saez, R.

AU - Schneider, T.

AU - Lepicard, S.

AU - Ward, D.

AU - Hamacher, T.

AU - Korhonen, Riitta

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - This study was performed within the framework of the Socio-Economic Research on Fusion project (SERF3), which is jointly conducted by Euratom and the fusion associations. Assess-ments of monetarized external impacts of the fusion fuel cycle were performed previously (SERF1 and SERF2). In this study, several fusion power plant designs (SEAFP Models 1-6) were compared focus-ing on a part of the plant's life cycle: environmental impact of recycling the materials. The models differ mainly by the type materials used for core reactor components and type of cooling medium. Recycling is considered for materials replaced during normal operation, as well as materials from decommissioning of the plant. Several recycling schemes for activated parts have been suggested, one of which proposes using recycled fusion compo-nents when building new fusion reactors. Environmental impact was assessed and expressed as external costs normalised with the total electrical energy output during plants operation. This facilitates comparison with other options for electricity generation. The methodology used for this study was developed by the Commission of the European Union within the frame of the "ExternE" project. It is a bottom-up methodology, with a marginal and site specific approach. Quantification of impacts is achieved through the damage function or impact pathway approach that follows the sequence of events linking a burden to an impact and subsequent monetary valuation. This means that it involves siting a power plant, and calculating its contribution to the environ-mental and health situation locally, regionally and globally. Different material streams were used for activated recyclable parts and "common" recyclable parts. The regulations regarding transports and handling of radioactive materials will govern how they are treated. Some components will be possible to recycle only after up to 100 years of cooling, during which it must be stored. Even after that, some parts may have to be taken to final repositories. This amount varies between designs. The external costs of different scenarios for managing used fusion plant materials can be used as a contribution to the basis for decisions regarding waste from fusion plants.

AB - This study was performed within the framework of the Socio-Economic Research on Fusion project (SERF3), which is jointly conducted by Euratom and the fusion associations. Assess-ments of monetarized external impacts of the fusion fuel cycle were performed previously (SERF1 and SERF2). In this study, several fusion power plant designs (SEAFP Models 1-6) were compared focus-ing on a part of the plant's life cycle: environmental impact of recycling the materials. The models differ mainly by the type materials used for core reactor components and type of cooling medium. Recycling is considered for materials replaced during normal operation, as well as materials from decommissioning of the plant. Several recycling schemes for activated parts have been suggested, one of which proposes using recycled fusion compo-nents when building new fusion reactors. Environmental impact was assessed and expressed as external costs normalised with the total electrical energy output during plants operation. This facilitates comparison with other options for electricity generation. The methodology used for this study was developed by the Commission of the European Union within the frame of the "ExternE" project. It is a bottom-up methodology, with a marginal and site specific approach. Quantification of impacts is achieved through the damage function or impact pathway approach that follows the sequence of events linking a burden to an impact and subsequent monetary valuation. This means that it involves siting a power plant, and calculating its contribution to the environ-mental and health situation locally, regionally and globally. Different material streams were used for activated recyclable parts and "common" recyclable parts. The regulations regarding transports and handling of radioactive materials will govern how they are treated. Some components will be possible to recycle only after up to 100 years of cooling, during which it must be stored. Even after that, some parts may have to be taken to final repositories. This amount varies between designs. The external costs of different scenarios for managing used fusion plant materials can be used as a contribution to the basis for decisions regarding waste from fusion plants.

M3 - Conference abstract in proceedings

SN - 951-38-5730-1

T3 - VTT Symposium

SP - 469

EP - 469

BT - 22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Hallberg B, Aquilonius K, Lechon Y, Cabal H, Saez R, Schneider T et al. External costs of material recycling strategies for fusion power plants. In 22nd Symposium on Fusion Technology: Book of Abstracts. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. 2002. p. 469-469. K28. (VTT Symposium; No. 220).