External costs of silicon carbide fusion power plants compared to other advanced generation technologies

Y. Lechon (Corresponding Author), H. Cabal, R. Saez, B. Hallberg, K. Aquilonius, T. Schneider, S. Lepicard, D. Ward, T. Hamacher, Riitta Korhonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was performed in the framework of the Socio-Economic Research on Fusion (SERF3), which is jointly conducted by Euratom and the fusion associations. Assessments of monetarized external impacts of the fusion fuel-cycle were previously performed (SERF1 and SERF2). Three different power plant designs were studied, with the main difference being the structural materials and cooling system used. In this third phase of the SERF project the external costs of three additional fusion power plant models using silicon carbide as structural material have been analysed. A comparison with other advanced generation technologies expected to be in use around 2050, when the first fusion power plant would be operative, has also been performed. These technologies include advanced fossil technologies, such as Natural Gas Combined Cycle, Pressurised Fluidised Bed Combustion and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle with carbon sequestration technologies; fuel cells and renewable technologies including geothermal energy, wind energy and photovoltaic systems with energy storage devices. Fusion power plants using silicon carbide as structural material have higher efficiencies than plants using steel and this fact has a very positive effect on the external costs per kW h. These external costs are in the lowest range of the external costs of advanced generation technologies indicating the outstanding environmental performance of fusion power.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-688
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume69
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint

Silicon carbide
Power plants
Fusion reactions
Costs
Geothermal energy
Iron and steel plants
Cooling systems
Gasification
Energy storage
Wind power
Fuel cells
Natural gas
Economics
Carbon

Keywords

  • fusion
  • fusion energy
  • economic analysis
  • economic evaluations
  • environmental analysis
  • environmental assessment
  • environmental impacts
  • external costs
  • externalities
  • SERF

Cite this

Lechon, Y., Cabal, H., Saez, R., Hallberg, B., Aquilonius, K., Schneider, T., ... Korhonen, R. (2003). External costs of silicon carbide fusion power plants compared to other advanced generation technologies. Fusion Engineering and Design, 69(1-4), 683-688. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-3796(03)00094-2
Lechon, Y. ; Cabal, H. ; Saez, R. ; Hallberg, B. ; Aquilonius, K. ; Schneider, T. ; Lepicard, S. ; Ward, D. ; Hamacher, T. ; Korhonen, Riitta. / External costs of silicon carbide fusion power plants compared to other advanced generation technologies. In: Fusion Engineering and Design. 2003 ; Vol. 69, No. 1-4. pp. 683-688.
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Lechon, Y, Cabal, H, Saez, R, Hallberg, B, Aquilonius, K, Schneider, T, Lepicard, S, Ward, D, Hamacher, T & Korhonen, R 2003, 'External costs of silicon carbide fusion power plants compared to other advanced generation technologies', Fusion Engineering and Design, vol. 69, no. 1-4, pp. 683-688. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-3796(03)00094-2

External costs of silicon carbide fusion power plants compared to other advanced generation technologies. / Lechon, Y. (Corresponding Author); Cabal, H.; Saez, R.; Hallberg, B.; Aquilonius, K.; Schneider, T.; Lepicard, S.; Ward, D.; Hamacher, T.; Korhonen, Riitta.

In: Fusion Engineering and Design, Vol. 69, No. 1-4, 2003, p. 683-688.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - External costs of silicon carbide fusion power plants compared to other advanced generation technologies

AU - Lechon, Y.

AU - Cabal, H.

AU - Saez, R.

AU - Hallberg, B.

AU - Aquilonius, K.

AU - Schneider, T.

AU - Lepicard, S.

AU - Ward, D.

AU - Hamacher, T.

AU - Korhonen, Riitta

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - This study was performed in the framework of the Socio-Economic Research on Fusion (SERF3), which is jointly conducted by Euratom and the fusion associations. Assessments of monetarized external impacts of the fusion fuel-cycle were previously performed (SERF1 and SERF2). Three different power plant designs were studied, with the main difference being the structural materials and cooling system used. In this third phase of the SERF project the external costs of three additional fusion power plant models using silicon carbide as structural material have been analysed. A comparison with other advanced generation technologies expected to be in use around 2050, when the first fusion power plant would be operative, has also been performed. These technologies include advanced fossil technologies, such as Natural Gas Combined Cycle, Pressurised Fluidised Bed Combustion and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle with carbon sequestration technologies; fuel cells and renewable technologies including geothermal energy, wind energy and photovoltaic systems with energy storage devices. Fusion power plants using silicon carbide as structural material have higher efficiencies than plants using steel and this fact has a very positive effect on the external costs per kW h. These external costs are in the lowest range of the external costs of advanced generation technologies indicating the outstanding environmental performance of fusion power.

AB - This study was performed in the framework of the Socio-Economic Research on Fusion (SERF3), which is jointly conducted by Euratom and the fusion associations. Assessments of monetarized external impacts of the fusion fuel-cycle were previously performed (SERF1 and SERF2). Three different power plant designs were studied, with the main difference being the structural materials and cooling system used. In this third phase of the SERF project the external costs of three additional fusion power plant models using silicon carbide as structural material have been analysed. A comparison with other advanced generation technologies expected to be in use around 2050, when the first fusion power plant would be operative, has also been performed. These technologies include advanced fossil technologies, such as Natural Gas Combined Cycle, Pressurised Fluidised Bed Combustion and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle with carbon sequestration technologies; fuel cells and renewable technologies including geothermal energy, wind energy and photovoltaic systems with energy storage devices. Fusion power plants using silicon carbide as structural material have higher efficiencies than plants using steel and this fact has a very positive effect on the external costs per kW h. These external costs are in the lowest range of the external costs of advanced generation technologies indicating the outstanding environmental performance of fusion power.

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KW - fusion energy

KW - economic analysis

KW - economic evaluations

KW - environmental analysis

KW - environmental assessment

KW - environmental impacts

KW - external costs

KW - externalities

KW - SERF

U2 - 10.1016/S0920-3796(03)00094-2

DO - 10.1016/S0920-3796(03)00094-2

M3 - Article

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SP - 683

EP - 688

JO - Fusion Engineering and Design

JF - Fusion Engineering and Design

SN - 0920-3796

IS - 1-4

ER -