ExternE National Implementation Finland

EUR 18278

Kim Pingoud, Helena Mälkki, Margareta Wihersaari, Mikko Hongisto, Sari Siitonen, Antti Lehtilä, Matti Johansson, Pekka Pirilä, Tomas Otterström

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

ExternE National Implementation is a continuation of the ExternE Project, funded in part by the European Commission's Joule III Programme. This study is the result of the ExternE National Implementation Project for Finland. Three fuel cycles were selected for the Finnish study: coal, peat and wood-derived biomass, which together are responsible for about 40% of total electricity generation in Finland and about 75% of the non-nuclear fuel based generation. The estimated external costs or damages were dominated by the global warming (GW) impacts in the coal and peat fuel cycles, but knowledge of the true GW impacts is still uncertain. From among other impacts that were valued in monetary terms the human health damages due to airborne emissions dominated in all the three fuel cycles. Monetary valuation for ecosystem impacts is not possible using the ExternE methodology at present. The Meri-Pori power station representing the coal fuel cycle is one of the world's cleanest and most efficient coal-fired power plants with a condensing turbine. The coal is imported mainly from Poland. The estimated health damages were about 4 mECU/kWh, crop damages an order of magnitude lower and damages caused to building materials two orders of magnitude lower. The power stations of the peat and biomass fuel cycles are of CHP type, generating electricity and heat for the district heating systems of two cities. Their fuels are of domestic origin. The estimated health damages allocated to electricity generation were about 5 and 6 mECU/kWh, respectively. The estimates were case-specific and thus an generalisation of the results to the whole electricity generation in Finland is unrealistic. Despite the uncertainties and limitations of the methodology, it is a promising tool in the comparison of similar kinds of fuel cycles, new power plants and pollution abatement technologies and different plant locations with each other.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages247
ISBN (Electronic)951-38-5369-1
ISBN (Print)951-38-5368-3
Publication statusPublished - 1999
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameVTT Publications
PublisherVTT
No.381
ISSN (Print)1235-0621
ISSN (Electronic)1455-0849

Fingerprint

electricity generation
damage
coal
peat
power plant
global warming
crop damage
methodology
coal-fired power plant
biomass
European Commission
valuation
turbine
electricity
ecosystem
cost
health
project

Keywords

  • global warming
  • ExternE
  • energy
  • power generation
  • coal
  • peat
  • biomass
  • combustion
  • fuel cycles
  • environmental impacts

Cite this

Pingoud, K., Mälkki, H., Wihersaari, M., Hongisto, M., Siitonen, S., Lehtilä, A., ... Otterström, T. (1999). ExternE National Implementation Finland: EUR 18278. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. VTT Publications, No. 381
Pingoud, Kim ; Mälkki, Helena ; Wihersaari, Margareta ; Hongisto, Mikko ; Siitonen, Sari ; Lehtilä, Antti ; Johansson, Matti ; Pirilä, Pekka ; Otterström, Tomas. / ExternE National Implementation Finland : EUR 18278. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1999. 247 p. (VTT Publications; No. 381).
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title = "ExternE National Implementation Finland: EUR 18278",
abstract = "ExternE National Implementation is a continuation of the ExternE Project, funded in part by the European Commission's Joule III Programme. This study is the result of the ExternE National Implementation Project for Finland. Three fuel cycles were selected for the Finnish study: coal, peat and wood-derived biomass, which together are responsible for about 40{\%} of total electricity generation in Finland and about 75{\%} of the non-nuclear fuel based generation. The estimated external costs or damages were dominated by the global warming (GW) impacts in the coal and peat fuel cycles, but knowledge of the true GW impacts is still uncertain. From among other impacts that were valued in monetary terms the human health damages due to airborne emissions dominated in all the three fuel cycles. Monetary valuation for ecosystem impacts is not possible using the ExternE methodology at present. The Meri-Pori power station representing the coal fuel cycle is one of the world's cleanest and most efficient coal-fired power plants with a condensing turbine. The coal is imported mainly from Poland. The estimated health damages were about 4 mECU/kWh, crop damages an order of magnitude lower and damages caused to building materials two orders of magnitude lower. The power stations of the peat and biomass fuel cycles are of CHP type, generating electricity and heat for the district heating systems of two cities. Their fuels are of domestic origin. The estimated health damages allocated to electricity generation were about 5 and 6 mECU/kWh, respectively. The estimates were case-specific and thus an generalisation of the results to the whole electricity generation in Finland is unrealistic. Despite the uncertainties and limitations of the methodology, it is a promising tool in the comparison of similar kinds of fuel cycles, new power plants and pollution abatement technologies and different plant locations with each other.",
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author = "Kim Pingoud and Helena M{\"a}lkki and Margareta Wihersaari and Mikko Hongisto and Sari Siitonen and Antti Lehtil{\"a} and Matti Johansson and Pekka Piril{\"a} and Tomas Otterstr{\"o}m",
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Pingoud, K, Mälkki, H, Wihersaari, M, Hongisto, M, Siitonen, S, Lehtilä, A, Johansson, M, Pirilä, P & Otterström, T 1999, ExternE National Implementation Finland: EUR 18278. VTT Publications, no. 381, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

ExternE National Implementation Finland : EUR 18278. / Pingoud, Kim; Mälkki, Helena; Wihersaari, Margareta; Hongisto, Mikko; Siitonen, Sari; Lehtilä, Antti; Johansson, Matti; Pirilä, Pekka; Otterström, Tomas.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1999. 247 p. (VTT Publications; No. 381).

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

TY - BOOK

T1 - ExternE National Implementation Finland

T2 - EUR 18278

AU - Pingoud, Kim

AU - Mälkki, Helena

AU - Wihersaari, Margareta

AU - Hongisto, Mikko

AU - Siitonen, Sari

AU - Lehtilä, Antti

AU - Johansson, Matti

AU - Pirilä, Pekka

AU - Otterström, Tomas

PY - 1999

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N2 - ExternE National Implementation is a continuation of the ExternE Project, funded in part by the European Commission's Joule III Programme. This study is the result of the ExternE National Implementation Project for Finland. Three fuel cycles were selected for the Finnish study: coal, peat and wood-derived biomass, which together are responsible for about 40% of total electricity generation in Finland and about 75% of the non-nuclear fuel based generation. The estimated external costs or damages were dominated by the global warming (GW) impacts in the coal and peat fuel cycles, but knowledge of the true GW impacts is still uncertain. From among other impacts that were valued in monetary terms the human health damages due to airborne emissions dominated in all the three fuel cycles. Monetary valuation for ecosystem impacts is not possible using the ExternE methodology at present. The Meri-Pori power station representing the coal fuel cycle is one of the world's cleanest and most efficient coal-fired power plants with a condensing turbine. The coal is imported mainly from Poland. The estimated health damages were about 4 mECU/kWh, crop damages an order of magnitude lower and damages caused to building materials two orders of magnitude lower. The power stations of the peat and biomass fuel cycles are of CHP type, generating electricity and heat for the district heating systems of two cities. Their fuels are of domestic origin. The estimated health damages allocated to electricity generation were about 5 and 6 mECU/kWh, respectively. The estimates were case-specific and thus an generalisation of the results to the whole electricity generation in Finland is unrealistic. Despite the uncertainties and limitations of the methodology, it is a promising tool in the comparison of similar kinds of fuel cycles, new power plants and pollution abatement technologies and different plant locations with each other.

AB - ExternE National Implementation is a continuation of the ExternE Project, funded in part by the European Commission's Joule III Programme. This study is the result of the ExternE National Implementation Project for Finland. Three fuel cycles were selected for the Finnish study: coal, peat and wood-derived biomass, which together are responsible for about 40% of total electricity generation in Finland and about 75% of the non-nuclear fuel based generation. The estimated external costs or damages were dominated by the global warming (GW) impacts in the coal and peat fuel cycles, but knowledge of the true GW impacts is still uncertain. From among other impacts that were valued in monetary terms the human health damages due to airborne emissions dominated in all the three fuel cycles. Monetary valuation for ecosystem impacts is not possible using the ExternE methodology at present. The Meri-Pori power station representing the coal fuel cycle is one of the world's cleanest and most efficient coal-fired power plants with a condensing turbine. The coal is imported mainly from Poland. The estimated health damages were about 4 mECU/kWh, crop damages an order of magnitude lower and damages caused to building materials two orders of magnitude lower. The power stations of the peat and biomass fuel cycles are of CHP type, generating electricity and heat for the district heating systems of two cities. Their fuels are of domestic origin. The estimated health damages allocated to electricity generation were about 5 and 6 mECU/kWh, respectively. The estimates were case-specific and thus an generalisation of the results to the whole electricity generation in Finland is unrealistic. Despite the uncertainties and limitations of the methodology, it is a promising tool in the comparison of similar kinds of fuel cycles, new power plants and pollution abatement technologies and different plant locations with each other.

KW - global warming

KW - ExternE

KW - energy

KW - power generation

KW - coal

KW - peat

KW - biomass

KW - combustion

KW - fuel cycles

KW - environmental impacts

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-5368-3

T3 - VTT Publications

BT - ExternE National Implementation Finland

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Pingoud K, Mälkki H, Wihersaari M, Hongisto M, Siitonen S, Lehtilä A et al. ExternE National Implementation Finland: EUR 18278. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1999. 247 p. (VTT Publications; No. 381).