Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays: Analysis of the test results

Matti Kokkala

Research output: Book/ReportReport

Abstract

A series of extinguishing tests was carded out on ten liquids with a flash point in the range of -6 °C to 234 °C applying seven different sprinklers or nozzles. Pool size was varied within the range 0.4 m2 - 12 m2, and the nozzle height within the range 3 m-8 m. In this publication the results of the tests are analysed. Free bum data are considered in detail. Observations and effects of pool size, nozzle type, flash point, application rate, preburn time and nozzle height are discussed. Recommendations are made on the required application rates. A method of testing the applicability of sprinklers or nozzles against liquid pool or spill fires is proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationEspoo
PublisherVTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Number of pages66
ISBN (Print)951-38-3718-1
Publication statusPublished - 1990
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

SeriesValtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports
Number696
ISSN0358-5077

Fingerprint

spray
liquid
water
analysis
rate
test
recommendation
effect
method

Keywords

  • extinguishing
  • fire extinguishers
  • sprinklers
  • fire protection
  • nozzles
  • sprayers
  • liquids
  • analyzing
  • methods
  • proposals
  • flash point
  • tests

Cite this

Kokkala, M. (1990). Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays: Analysis of the test results. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, No. 696
Kokkala, Matti. / Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays : Analysis of the test results. Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1990. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 696).
@book{290c12e8aac543e7ba7e1fa110b06066,
title = "Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays: Analysis of the test results",
abstract = "A series of extinguishing tests was carded out on ten liquids with a flash point in the range of -6 °C to 234 °C applying seven different sprinklers or nozzles. Pool size was varied within the range 0.4 m2 - 12 m2, and the nozzle height within the range 3 m-8 m. In this publication the results of the tests are analysed. Free bum data are considered in detail. Observations and effects of pool size, nozzle type, flash point, application rate, preburn time and nozzle height are discussed. Recommendations are made on the required application rates. A method of testing the applicability of sprinklers or nozzles against liquid pool or spill fires is proposed.",
keywords = "extinguishing, fire extinguishers, sprinklers, fire protection, nozzles, sprayers, liquids, analyzing, methods, proposals, flash point, tests",
author = "Matti Kokkala",
year = "1990",
language = "English",
isbn = "951-38-3718-1",
series = "Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports",
publisher = "VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland",
number = "696",
address = "Finland",

}

Kokkala, M 1990, Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays: Analysis of the test results. Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports, no. 696, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo.

Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays : Analysis of the test results. / Kokkala, Matti.

Espoo : VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1990. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 696).

Research output: Book/ReportReport

TY - BOOK

T1 - Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays

T2 - Analysis of the test results

AU - Kokkala, Matti

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - A series of extinguishing tests was carded out on ten liquids with a flash point in the range of -6 °C to 234 °C applying seven different sprinklers or nozzles. Pool size was varied within the range 0.4 m2 - 12 m2, and the nozzle height within the range 3 m-8 m. In this publication the results of the tests are analysed. Free bum data are considered in detail. Observations and effects of pool size, nozzle type, flash point, application rate, preburn time and nozzle height are discussed. Recommendations are made on the required application rates. A method of testing the applicability of sprinklers or nozzles against liquid pool or spill fires is proposed.

AB - A series of extinguishing tests was carded out on ten liquids with a flash point in the range of -6 °C to 234 °C applying seven different sprinklers or nozzles. Pool size was varied within the range 0.4 m2 - 12 m2, and the nozzle height within the range 3 m-8 m. In this publication the results of the tests are analysed. Free bum data are considered in detail. Observations and effects of pool size, nozzle type, flash point, application rate, preburn time and nozzle height are discussed. Recommendations are made on the required application rates. A method of testing the applicability of sprinklers or nozzles against liquid pool or spill fires is proposed.

KW - extinguishing

KW - fire extinguishers

KW - sprinklers

KW - fire protection

KW - nozzles

KW - sprayers

KW - liquids

KW - analyzing

KW - methods

KW - proposals

KW - flash point

KW - tests

M3 - Report

SN - 951-38-3718-1

T3 - Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports

BT - Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays

PB - VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

CY - Espoo

ER -

Kokkala M. Extinguishment of liquid fires with sprinklers and water sprays: Analysis of the test results. Espoo: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1990. 66 p. (Valtion teknillinen tutkimuskeskus. Tutkimuksia - Research Reports; No. 696).