Fabrication of electrospun poly(D,L lactide-co-glycolide)80/20 scaffolds loaded with diclofenac sodium for tissue engineering Surgery

Lila Nikkola, Tatjana Morton, Elizabeth R. Balmayor (Corresponding Author), Hanna Jukola, Ali Harlin, Heinz Redl, Martijn Van Griensven, Nureddin Ashammakhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Adaptation of nanotechnology into materials science has also advanced tissue engineering research. Tissues are basically composed of nanoscale structures hence making nanofibrous materials closely resemble natural fibers. Adding a drug release function to such material may further advance their use in tissue repair. Methods: In the current study, bioabsorbable poly(D,L lactide-co-glycolide)80/20 (PDLGA80/20) was dissolved in a mixture of acetone/dimethylformamide. Twenty percent of diclofenac sodium was added to the solution. Nanofibers were manufactured using electrospinning. The morphology of the obtained scaffolds was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The release of the diclofenac sodium was assessed by UV/Vis spectroscopy. Mouse fibroblasts (MC3T3) were seeded on the scaffolds, and the cell attachment was evaluated with fluorescent microscopy. Results: The thickness of electrospun nanomats was about 1 mm. SEM analysis showed that polymeric nanofibers containing drug particles formed very interconnected porous nanostructures. The average diameter of the nanofibers was 500 nm. Drug release was measured by means of UV/Vis spectroscopy. After a high start peak, the release rate decreased considerably during 11 days and lasted about 60 days. During the evaluation of the release kinetics, a material degradation process was observed. MC3T3 cells attached to the diclofenac sodium-loaded scaffold. Conclusions: The nanofibrous porous structure made of PDLGA polymer loaded with diclofenac sodium is feasible to develop, and it may help to improve biomaterial properties for controlled tissue repair and regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number54
JournalEuropean Journal of Medical Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Biodegradable
  • Diclofenac sodium
  • Drug release
  • Electrospinning
  • Poly(D,L lactide-co-glycolide)
  • Scaffold


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