Fabrication of ultrathin multilayered superomniphobic nanocoatings by liquid flame spray, atomic layer deposition, and silanization

Miika Sorvali, Leena Vuori, Marko Pudas, Janne Haapanen, Riitta Mahlberg, Helena Ronkainen, Mari Honkanen, Mika Valden, Jyrki M. Makela

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Superomniphobic, i.e. liquid-repellent, surfaces have been an interesting area of research during recent years due to their various potential applications. However, producing such surfaces, especially on hard and resilient substrates like stainless steel, still remains challenging. We present a stepwise fabrication process of a multilayered nanocoating on a stainless steel substrate, consisting of a nanoparticle layer, a nanofilm, and a layer of silane molecules. Liquid flame spray was used to deposit a TiO2 nanoparticle layer as the bottom layer for producing a suitable surface structure. The interstitial Al2O3 nanofilm, fabricated by atomic layer deposition (ALD), stabilized the nanoparticle layer, and the topmost fluorosilane layer lowered the surface energy of the coating for enhanced omniphobicity. The coating was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, contact angle (CA) and sliding angle (SA) measurements, and microscratch testing. The widely recognized requirements for superrepellency, i.e. CA > 150° and SA < 10°, were achieved for deioinized water, diiodomethane, and ethylene glycol. The mechanical stability of the coating could be varied by tuning the thickness of the ALD layer at the expense of repellency. To our knowledge, this is the thinnest superomniphobic coating reported so far, with the average thickness of about 70 nm.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number185708
    JournalNanotechnology
    Volume29
    Issue number18
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2018
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fingerprint

    Atomic layer deposition
    Fabrication
    Coatings
    Stainless Steel
    Liquids
    Nanoparticles
    Contact angle
    Stainless steel
    Silanes
    Scanning electron microscopy
    Ethylene Glycol
    Mechanical stability
    Focused ion beams
    Substrates
    Angle measurement
    Photoelectron spectroscopy
    Ethylene glycol
    Interfacial energy
    Surface structure
    Field emission

    Keywords

    • aerosol synthesis
    • atomic layer deposition
    • liquid flame spray
    • multilayered
    • nanocoating
    • silanization
    • superomniphobic

    Cite this

    Sorvali, Miika ; Vuori, Leena ; Pudas, Marko ; Haapanen, Janne ; Mahlberg, Riitta ; Ronkainen, Helena ; Honkanen, Mari ; Valden, Mika ; Makela, Jyrki M. / Fabrication of ultrathin multilayered superomniphobic nanocoatings by liquid flame spray, atomic layer deposition, and silanization. In: Nanotechnology. 2018 ; Vol. 29, No. 18.
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    Fabrication of ultrathin multilayered superomniphobic nanocoatings by liquid flame spray, atomic layer deposition, and silanization. / Sorvali, Miika; Vuori, Leena; Pudas, Marko; Haapanen, Janne; Mahlberg, Riitta; Ronkainen, Helena; Honkanen, Mari; Valden, Mika; Makela, Jyrki M.

    In: Nanotechnology, Vol. 29, No. 18, 185708, 09.03.2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T1 - Fabrication of ultrathin multilayered superomniphobic nanocoatings by liquid flame spray, atomic layer deposition, and silanization

    AU - Sorvali, Miika

    AU - Vuori, Leena

    AU - Pudas, Marko

    AU - Haapanen, Janne

    AU - Mahlberg, Riitta

    AU - Ronkainen, Helena

    AU - Honkanen, Mari

    AU - Valden, Mika

    AU - Makela, Jyrki M.

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    AB - Superomniphobic, i.e. liquid-repellent, surfaces have been an interesting area of research during recent years due to their various potential applications. However, producing such surfaces, especially on hard and resilient substrates like stainless steel, still remains challenging. We present a stepwise fabrication process of a multilayered nanocoating on a stainless steel substrate, consisting of a nanoparticle layer, a nanofilm, and a layer of silane molecules. Liquid flame spray was used to deposit a TiO2 nanoparticle layer as the bottom layer for producing a suitable surface structure. The interstitial Al2O3 nanofilm, fabricated by atomic layer deposition (ALD), stabilized the nanoparticle layer, and the topmost fluorosilane layer lowered the surface energy of the coating for enhanced omniphobicity. The coating was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy, focused ion beam scanning electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, contact angle (CA) and sliding angle (SA) measurements, and microscratch testing. The widely recognized requirements for superrepellency, i.e. CA > 150° and SA < 10°, were achieved for deioinized water, diiodomethane, and ethylene glycol. The mechanical stability of the coating could be varied by tuning the thickness of the ALD layer at the expense of repellency. To our knowledge, this is the thinnest superomniphobic coating reported so far, with the average thickness of about 70 nm.

    KW - aerosol synthesis

    KW - atomic layer deposition

    KW - liquid flame spray

    KW - multilayered

    KW - nanocoating

    KW - silanization

    KW - superomniphobic

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    U2 - 10.1088/1361-6528/aaaffc

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